Comparison of PWM Techniques for Back to Back Converters in PSCAD

  • Agustina Hernandez
  • Ruben Tapia
  • Omar Aguilar
  • Abel Garcia
Conference paper

Abstract

This article presents the simulation and comparison between the space vector pulse width modulation and sinusoidal pulse width modulation techniques for back to back converters with a decoupling control strategy, PSCAD/EMTDC for simulation purpose is used. Also, a study of steady state and transient performance characteristics of the system is carried out for both techniques. The simulation results show that the transient response is similar for both schemes, and the SVPWM technique has the advantage less harmonic content, which it is useful in applications that require a low harmonic level for avoiding overheats and malfunction in sensitive systems.

Keywords

Back to back Harmonics Power electronics PSCAD simulator PWM technique SPWM technique 

Notes

Acknowledgment

This project has been partially funded by the CONACyT- Mexico grant CB-169062 and by the ECEST-SEP (Espacio Común de Educación Superior Tecnológica) Program under the mobility scheme for students, and was supported by PROMEP: Redes Temáticas de Colaboración under the project titled: Fuentes de Energías Alternas.

References

  1. 1.
    J. Segundo-Ramirez, A. Medina, Modeling of FACTS devices based on SPWM VSCs. IEEE Trans. Power Deliv. 24(4), 1815–1823 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    N.G. Hingorani, L. Gyugyi, Understanding FACTS. (IEEE Press Editorial Board, New York, 2000)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. Majumder, A. Ghosh, G. Ledwich, F. Zare, Control of parallel converters for load sharing with seamless transfer between grid connected and islanded modes, in IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, 2008Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    P. Roncero-Sánchez, E. Acha, J.E. Ortega-Calderon, V. Feliu, A. García-Cerrada, A versatile control scheme for a dynamic voltage restorer for power-quality improvement. IEEE Trans. Power Deliv. 24(1), 277–284 (2009)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    H.M. Nguyen, D.S. Naidu, Advanced control strategies for wind energy systems: an overview, in IEEE PES Power Systems Conference and Exposition (PSCE), 2011Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. Junyent-Ferré, O. Gomis-Bellmunt, A. Sumper, M. Sala, M. Mata, Modeling and control of the doubly fed induction generator wind turbine. Simul. Model. Pract. Theory 18(9), 1365–1381 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    G.O. Cimuca, C. Saudemont, B. Robyns, M.M. Radulescu, Control and performance evaluation of a flywheel energy-storage system associated to a variable-speed wind generator. IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron. 53(4), 1074–1085 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    S. Niu, K.T. Chau, J.Z. Jiang, C. Liu, Design and control of a new double-stator cup-rotor permanent-magnet machine for wind power generation. IEEE Trans. Magn. 43(6), 2501–2503 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Y. Wang, X. Lie, Coordinated control of DFIG and FSIG-based wind farms under unbalanced grid conditions. IEEE Trans. Power Deliv. 25(1), 367–377 (2010)CrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    S. Mishra, Y. Mishra, F. Li, Z.Y. Dong, TS-fuzzy controlled DFIG based wind energy conversion systems, in IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, pp. 1–7, 2009Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    F.M. Hughes, O. Anaya-Lara, N. Jenkins, G. Strbac, Control of DFIG-based wind generation for power network support. IEEE Trans. Power Syst. 20(4), 1958–1966 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. Alcalá, V. Cárdenas, E. Rosas, C. Nuñez, Control system design for bi-directional power transfer in single-phase back to back converter based on the linear operating region, in Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC), pp. 1651–1658, 2010Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    A.K. Gupta, A.M. Khambadkone, A space vector PWM scheme for multilevel inverters based on two-level space vector PWM. IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron. 53(5), 1631–1639 (2006)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    R. Pena, J.C Clare, G.M. Asher, Doubly fed induction generator using back-to-back PWM converters and its application to variable-speed wind-energy generation, IEE Proc. Electric Power Appl. 143(3), 231–241 (1996)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    J.N. Wani, A.W. Ng, Paths to sustainable energy, Intech, Chapter 14, 2010Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    B. Wu, Y. Lang, N. Zargari, S. Kouro, Power Conversion and Control of Wind Energy systems, Chapter 2. (IEEE Press, New York, 2011)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    S.M. Muyeen, M.A. Mannan, M.H. Ali, Simulation technique and application of space-vector PWM method in PSCAD/EMTDC, in International conference on information and communication technology, ICICT, (2007)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    A. Hernandez, R. Tapia, O. Aguilar, A. Garcia, Comparison of SVPWM and SPWM techniques for back to back converters in PSCAD, in Lectures Notes in Engineering and Computer Science: Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science 2013, WCECS 2013, San Francisco, USA, pp. 236–240, 23–25 October 2013Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Agustina Hernandez
    • 1
  • Ruben Tapia
    • 1
  • Omar Aguilar
    • 1
  • Abel Garcia
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of EngineeringPolytechnic University of TulancingoTulancingoMexico
  2. 2.Department of MechatronicsPolytechnic University of PachucaZempoalaMexico

Personalised recommendations