A New Non-stationary Channel Model Based on Drifted Brownian Random Paths

Conference paper

Abstract

This paper utilizes Brownian motion (BM) processes with drift to model mobile radio channels under non-stationary conditions. It is assumed that the mobile station (MS) starts moving in a semi-random way, but subject to follow a given direction. This moving scenario is modelled by a BM process with drift (BMD). The starting point of the movement is a fixed point in the two-dimensional (2D) propagation area, while its destination is a random point along a predetermined drift. To model the propagation area, we propose a non-centred one-ring scattering model in which the local scatterers are uniformly distributed on a ring that is not necessarily centred on the MS. The semi-random movement of the MS results in local angles-of-arrival (AOAs) and local angles-of-motion (AOMs), which are stochastic processes instead of random variables. We present the first-order density of the AOA and AOM processes in closed form. Subsequently, the local power spectral density (PSD) and autocorrelation function (ACF) of the complex channel gain are provided. The analytical results are simulated, illustrated, and physically explained. It turns out that the targeted Brownian path model results in a statistically non-stationary channel model. The interdisciplinary idea of the paper opens a new perspective on the modelling of non-stationary channels under realistic propagation conditions.

Keywords

Brownian motion processes Channel modelling Local autocorrelation function Local power spectral density Non-centred one-ring scattering model Non-stationary channels Targeted motions 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Engineering and ScienceUniversity of AgderGrimstadNorway

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