Development of a Glass-Fibre Reinforced Polyamide Composite for Rotating Bands

  • Abdel-Salam M. Eleiche
  • Mokhtar O. A. Mokhtar
  • Georges M. A. Kamel
Conference paper


Projectiles are usually provided with an integral rotating band which serves many purposes. These bands are usually made of copper which causes the wear of the gun barrel steel bore. Hence alternative materials are being thought. In the paper, the Polyamide type 66 is proposed as a base material, and its mechanical and tribological properties are modified by different percentages of glass fiber. Experimental results indicate that 2 % GF content as reinforcement to PA66 resin appears to be the ideal compromise.


Development scheme Glass-fiber reinforcement High-speed friction wear and deformation test Mechanical properties Polyamide 66 resin Rotating band 



A. M. Eleiche would like to thank the staff of the Tribology Laboratory at the Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University for their support in conducting the tests, and King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals for providing necessary facilities for the preparation of this paper.


  1. 1.
    M. Eig, Evaluation and critique on use of polymeric materials as rotating bands on 20 mm projectiles, Technical Report 4358, Picatinney Arsenal, Dover, NJ, Sept 1972Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    W.S. Larsen, R.B. Steidley, S.J. Bilsbury, O.K. Heiney, Development of a plastic rotating band for high performance projectiles. AFATL-TR-74-106, July 1974Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    R.S. Montgomery, Interaction of copper-containing rotating band metal with gun bores at the environment present in a gun tube. Wear 33, 109–128 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    M.D. Raby, Effects of temperature and humidity on glass-reinforced nylon rotating bands. M. Sc. thesis, Mechanical Engineering, Utah State University, 2010Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A.M. Eleiche, M.O.A. Mokhtar, G. M. A. Kamel, in Glass-fiber reinforced Polyamide for rotating band application. Lecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science: Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering 2013 (WCE 2013), London, UK, 3–5 July 2013, pp. 1761–1765Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    R.S. Montgomery, in The sliding behaviors of copper alloys. The International Conference on Wear of Materials, Washington, D.C, April 1983, pp. 465–470Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    ASTM, Standard test methods for tensile properties of plastics by use of micro tensile specimens, 1975 Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Part 35, D-1798, USAGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    ASTM, Standard test methods for compressive properties of rigid plastics, 1975 Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Part 35, D-695, USAGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M.O.A Mokhtar, A.M. Eleiche, E.S. Nasr, G.M.A. Kamel, in The Design of a new test for dynamic sliding friction and wear measurements of dynamic plastically deforming materials. 3rd Tribology Conference of the Egyptian Society of Tribology (EGTRIB-92), Cairo University, Cairo, 1992Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abdel-Salam M. Eleiche
    • 1
  • Mokhtar O. A. Mokhtar
    • 2
  • Georges M. A. Kamel
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringKing Fahd University of Petroleum and MineralsDhahranKingdom of Saudi Arabia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical Design and Production Faculty of EngineeringCairo UniversityGuizaEgypt
  3. 3.Engineering ConsultantCairoEgypt

Personalised recommendations