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Mechanisms of Olfaction

  • Ruchira SharmaEmail author
  • Hiroaki Matsunami
Chapter

Abstract

Molecular mechanisms of olfaction have been intensively studied in the last quarter century. Receptors by which olfactory stimuli are detected are vastly different between different animal species and even between different olfactory organs of the same species. This chapter includes a description of the anatomy of the mammalian olfactory system and an overview of the receptors. The signaling mechanism and expression pattern of these receptors is discussed along with how the brain decodes olfactory information gathered from the environment and then translates these signals into behaviors. This chapter also contains brief comparison of the fish, insect and nematode olfactory receptors.

Keywords

Olfactory Bulb Olfactory Epithelium Olfactory System Antennal Lobe Odorant Binding Protein 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Helena You and Naihua Natalie Gong for editing. NIH supports the work of the Matsunami lab.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Molecular Genetics and MicrobiologyDuke University Medical CenterDurhamUSA
  2. 2.Department of NeurobiologyDuke University Medical CenterDurhamUSA
  3. 3.Duke Institute for Brain SciencesDuke University Medical CenterDurhamUSA

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