Skip to main content

Oil Pollution in Coastal Waters of Nigeria

  • Chapter
  • First Online:
Remote Sensing of the African Seas

Abstract

The petroleum industry in Nigeria has become the largest industry and the main Gross Domestic Product (GDP) generator in Western Africa. Nigeria’s proven oil reserves make Nigeria the most affluent country in Africa and the tenth most petroleum-rich one in the world. The main oil fields are concentrated in and around the Niger River Delta, which is seriously damaged by oil leakages. It has been estimated that between 9 and 13 million barrels have been spilled since oil drilling started in 1958. Between 1976 and 2001 the Government documented 6817 spills, but analysts suspect that the real number may be ten times higher. Little is known about oil spills in the coastal zone of Nigeria, but offshore spills contaminate coastal environments and cause a decline in local fishing production. We present a general view on oil pollution in the coastal waters of Nigeria, based on the analysis of historical information and recent Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (ASAR) data, with a focus on the Bonga oil spill case study, which occurred on 20 December 2011.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Chapter
USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
eBook
USD 129.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 169.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info
Hardcover Book
USD 169.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

References

  • Africa Confidential (2008) Wasteful wars, foreign friends. 49(17) http://www.africa-confidential.com/article-preview/id/2744/Wasteful_wars%2c_foreign_friends. Accessed 10 June 2012

  • Ambjörn C, Liungman O, Mattsson J, Håkansson B (2013) Seatrack Web: the HELCOM tool for oil spill prediction and identification of illegal polluters. In: Kostianoy AG, Lavrova O Yu (eds) Oil pollution in the Baltic Sea. Springer, Berlin

    Google Scholar 

  • Committee on Oil in the Sea (2003) Oil in the Sea III: inputs, fates, and effects. The National Academies Press, Washington, DC, p 280

    Google Scholar 

  • Egberongbe FOA, Nwilo PC, Badejo OT (2006) Oil spill disaster monitoring along Nigerian coastline. Proceedings, 5th FIG Regional Conference: promoting land administration and good governance, Accra, Ghana, March 8–11, 2006

    Google Scholar 

  • Evoh CJ (2009) Green crimes, petro-violence and the tragedy of oil: the case of the Niger-Delta in Nigeria. In-Spire J Law, Polit Soc 4(1):40–60

    Google Scholar 

  • Kostianoy AG (2008) Satellite monitoring of oil pollution in the European Coastal Seas. OCEANIS 34(½):111–126

    Google Scholar 

  • Kostianoy AG, Solovyov DM (2010) Operational satellite monitoring systems for marine oil and gas industry. Proceedings of 2010 Taiwan Water Industry Conference, Tainan, Taiwan, 28–29 October 2010, B173–B185

    Google Scholar 

  • Kostianoy A, Solovyov D (2011) Operational satellite monitoring systems for marine oil and gas industry. Proceedings of 34th International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment, Sydney, Australia, 10–15 April 2011

    Google Scholar 

  • Kostianoy AG, Lavrova OYu (eds) (2013) Oil pollution in the Baltic Sea. Springer, Berlin

    Google Scholar 

  • Kostianoy AG, Lebedev SA, Soloviev DM, Pichuzhkina OE (2005) Satellite monitoring of the Southeastern Baltic sea. Annual Report 2004. Lukoil-Kaliningradmorneft, Kaliningrad, p 36

    Google Scholar 

  • Kostianoy AG, Ambjorn C, Solovyov DM (2013a) Seatrack web: a numerical tool for environmental risk assessment in the Baltic Sea. In: Kostianoy AG, Lavrova OYu (eds) Oil pollution in the Baltic Sea. Springer, Berlin

    Google Scholar 

  • Kostianoy AG, Lavrova OYu, Mityagina MI, Solovyov DM, Lebedev SA (2013b) Satellite monitoring of oil pollution in the Southeastern Baltic sea. In: Kostianoy AG, Lavrova Oyu (eds) Oil pollution in the Baltic Sea. Springer, Berlin

    Google Scholar 

  • Kostianoy AG, Litovchenko KTs, Lavrova OYu, Mityagina MI, Bocharova TYu, Lebedev SA, Stanichny SV, Soloviev DM, Sirota AM, Pichuzhkina OE (2006) Operational satellite monitoring of oil spill pollution in the southeastern Baltic Sea: 18 months experience. Environ Res, Eng Manage 4(38):70–77

    Google Scholar 

  • Lavrova OYu, Kostianoy AG (2010) A catastrophic oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico in April-May 2010. Issledovanie Zemli iz Kosmosa (Russian Journal for Remote Sensing), 6:67–72 (in Russian). Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics, Pleiades Publishing Ltd. 2011, 47(9):1114–1118 (in English)

    Google Scholar 

  • Lavrova O, Bocharova T, Kostianoy A (2006) Satellite radar imagery of the coastal zone: slicks and oil spills. In: Marcal A (ed) Global developments in environmental earth observation from space. Millpress, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, pp 763–772

    Google Scholar 

  • Lavrova O, Mityagina M, Bocharova T, Kostianoy A, Krovotyntsev V (2008) Multisensor approach to operational oil pollution monitoring in coastal zones. In: 2008 IEEE International Geoscience & Remote Sensing Symposium. Proceedings of IGARSS 2008, 6–11 July 2008, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A, ISBN 978-1-4244-2808-3, IEEE Catalog Number CFP08IGA-CDR, Library of Congress 2008906761, III 1386–1389

    Google Scholar 

  • Lavrova OYu, Kostianoy AG, Lebedev SA, Mityagina MI, Ginzburg AI, Sheremet NA (2011) Complex satellite monitoring of the Russian seas. Moscow, IKI RAN, p 470 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Nwilo PC, Badejo OT (2001) Impacts of oil spills along the Nigerian coast. http://www.aehsmag.com/issues/2001/october/impacts.htm. Accessed 10 June 2012

  • Nwilo PC, Badejo OT (2007) Impacts and management of oil spill pollution along the Nigerian coastal areas. International Federation of Surveyors. http://www.fig.net/pub/figpub/pub36/chapters/chapter_8.pdf. Accessed 10 June 2012

  • Terleeva NV, Kamagate SA, Ivanov AYu (2012) Oil pollution in the Gulf of Guinea based on satellite radar data. Earth Space 13:51–56 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Wikipedia (2012a) Petroleum industry in Nigeria. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petroleum_industry_in_Nigeria. Accessed 10 June 2012

  • Wikipedia (2012b) Environmental issues in the Niger Delta. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_issues_in_the_Niger_Delta. Accessed 10 June 2012

Download references

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to European Space Agency for the Envisat ASAR data obtained in the framework of projects C1P6342.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Andrey G. Kostianoy .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2014 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Kostianoy, A., Lavrova, O., Solovyov, D. (2014). Oil Pollution in Coastal Waters of Nigeria. In: Barale, V., Gade, M. (eds) Remote Sensing of the African Seas. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-8008-7_8

Download citation

Publish with us

Policies and ethics