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Hetero-Carbon Nanostructures as the Effective Sensors in Security Systems

  • G. KharlamovaEmail author
  • O. Kharlamov
  • M. Bondarenko
  • O. Khyzhun
Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series A: Chemistry and Biology book series (NAPSA)

Abstract

Hetero-carbon (heteroatomic derivatives of carbon, in which one or several atoms of carbon are replaced on atoms of another non-metals) will a basic component a new generation of nanomaterials. Carbon nitride g-C3N4 it is possible to consider as the limiting saturated by nitrogen a hetero-carbon, that the monolayer ((C6N7)-N) n should be named (on an analogy with azafullerene) azagraphene. Carbon nitride as well as azafullerenes, azananotubes (N-dope nanotubes) and N-doped graphene are used as very sensitive nanosensors. Modifying, in particular, oxidized derivatives of carbon nitride are not studied practically. Here the products of a new route of a pyrolysis of melamine which as against known methods is carried out at the presence of oxygen are described. New compound as carbon nitride oxide (g-C3N4)O was obtained. Its structure is analogue of graphite oxide. Nanosized powder of (g-C3N4)O is easily exfoliated and is dissolved in water with formation of a flake-like suspension. This suspension can contain nanosheets from several heptazine ((C6N7)-N) n monolayers or azagraphenes. Alongside with carbon nitride oxide at pyrolysis of melamine at the presence of oxygen in a one step the O-doped ( ∼ 8.1 %) carbon nitride (O-g-C3N4) is also formed.

Keywords

Graphite Oxide Interplanar Distance Carbon Nitride Graphitic Carbon Nitride Intensive Line 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Kharlamova
    • 1
    Email author
  • O. Kharlamov
    • 2
  • M. Bondarenko
    • 2
  • O. Khyzhun
    • 2
  1. 1.Taras Shevchenko National University of KyivKyivUkraine
  2. 2.Frantsevich Institute for Problems of Materials Science of NASUKyivUkraine

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