Assessing and Communicating the Risks and Benefits of Community Participation in Urban Agriculture

  • Elizabeth Hodges SnyderEmail author
  • John F. Obrycki


The prospects and promise for urban agriculture to help improve access to healthy foods, foster productive community collaborations, create opportunities for economic development, and even beautify city environs are great. The wave of renewed excitement in urban agriculture is capturing the hearts and minds of home gardeners, entrepreneurs, researchers, educators and their pupils, community organizations, and policy-makers alike – and, as can be seen throughout the volumes of this text, positive impacts are being made across the country.


Community Participation Risk Communication Home Gardener Urban Agriculture Personal Protective Equipment 
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  1. This two-volume set on urban agriculture is a great resource for information and references for topics that you may to communicate about with others. The following are some additional resources you may want to consider if you would like to learn more about risk communication. Risk communication is a large field and there are many other resources you will likely find through your own searching.Google Scholar


  1. Fischoff B, Brewer NT, Downs JS (eds) (2011) Communicating risks and benefits: an evidence based users guide. Available from:
  2. Lundgren R, McMakin A (2009) Risk communication: a handbook for communicating environmental, safety, and health risks. Wiley, HobokenGoogle Scholar

Web Sites/Web Resources

  1. ADA best practices kit for state and local governments, chapter 3, general effective communication requirements under title II of the ADA (available as HTML or PDF),
  2. American with Disabilities Act
  3. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (2015) About risk assessment. Accessed 5 Apr 2016
  4. EPA’s 7 cardinal rules of risk communication
  5. FoodRisC Resource Centre: a resource centre for food risk and benefit communication
  6. Leake JR, Adam-Bradfor A, Rigby JE (2009). Health benefits of ‘grow your own’ food in urban areas: implications for contaminated land risk assessment and risk management? Environ Health 8(Suppl 1):S6. doi: 10.1186/1476-069X-8-S1-S6 Google Scholar
  7. Lerner S (2007) Midway village: public housing built on contaminated soil. The Collaborative on Health and the Environment.
  8. “Minimum Elements and Practice Standards, Version 3.0” describes best practices in how HIAs should be conducted. “Guidance and Best Practices for Stakeholder Participation in HIA” describes engagement techniques, case studies, and guiding principles. Both can be found at
  9. Salocks C (2006) Review of the 2001 investigation and cleanup of the midway village residential complex in Daly City, California. Integrated Risk Assessment Branch, Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, California Environmental Protection Agency.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Health SciencesUniversity of Alaska AnchorageAnchorageUSA
  2. 2.The Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA

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