Scarce but Significant: The Limestone Component of the Acheulean Site of Gesher Benot Ya'aqov, Israel

Chapter
Part of the Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology book series (VERT)

Abstract

In-depth study of Acheuleanlimestone artifacts from Gesher Benot Ya'aqov (0.79 Ma) has revealed that limestone nodules procured from fluvial deposits were transported to the lake margin and exploited throughout the occupational sequence (ca. 50 ka). Analyses of the limestone assemblages illustrate that individual artifacts go through several use-stages or complex life-histories within a single reduction sequence. This reduction sequence began with the targeting of nodules suitable for use as percussors. Use of the percussors sometimes resulted in breakage that produced flakes typical of working accidents. Broken percussors were shaped into a second morphotype, chopping tools, while cores comprise a third morphotype. These morphotypes are viewed as interrelated consecutive options. Once a morphotype was inadequate for use it was transformed into another, resulting in gradual reduction of dimensions from one type to the next. The ability to renovate/recycle implies flexibility and contingency. The consistent homogeneity of the limestone assemblages demonstrates conservatism of knowledge, transmission of the chaîne opératoire, specific raw materials, and flexible variations within them – all typical of a “complex” culture.

Keywords

Lower Paleolithic Cognitive abilities Chopping tool Core Core-tool Flake-tool Percussor Percuteur de concassage Reduction sequence 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Martin (Szusz) Department of Land of Israel Studies and ArchaeologyBar Ilan UniversityRamat GanIsrael

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