Solar Hydrogen Production

  • Athanasios G. KonstandopoulosEmail author
  • Chrysoula Pagkoura
  • Dimitrios A. Dimitrakis
  • Souzana Lorentzou
  • George P. Karagiannakis
Part of the Biofuels and Biorefineries book series (BIOBIO, volume 5)


This chapter summarizes the current status of solar-aided hydrogen production technologies, with special emphasis on high temperature thermochemical concepts. The required high temperatures are achieved via concentrated solar irradiation through the respective systems, e.g., solar towers and solar dishes. Customized, efficient, and robust solar reactor concepts are important to ensure optimum coupling of the thermochemical phenomenon with the solar source. Of fundamental importance for such thermochemical processes is the development of active materials and key components. Some of the most studied and promising active materials are presented in this chapter along with their relevant advantages and challenges. Solar hydrogen (/fuels) production is found to constitute an in principle promising alternative and supplementary solution to currently employed renewables. Nevertheless, further development is required to increase solar-to-fuel efficiencies and to overcome long-term stability issues. Favorable solutions strongly depend on the identification of more active and robust materials as well as on the definition of solar reactor designs that will ensure optimum exploitation of solar irradiation.


Solar hydrogen Hydrogen production Solar fuels Concentrated irradiation Thermochemical processes Water-splitting solar reactors 



We thank the European Research Council (ERC) and the General Secretariat of Research and Technology (GSRT) for supporting this work through the ERC Advanced Grant Project ARMOS (ERC-2010-AdG 268049-ARMOS).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Athanasios G. Konstandopoulos
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Chrysoula Pagkoura
    • 1
  • Dimitrios A. Dimitrakis
    • 1
    • 2
  • Souzana Lorentzou
    • 1
  • George P. Karagiannakis
    • 1
  1. 1.Aerosol and Particle Technology LaboratoryCenter for Research and Technology HellasThessalonikiGreece
  2. 2.Department of Chemical EngineeringAristotle UniversityThessalonikiGreece

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