Artificial Reproduction of Percid Fishes

  • D. ŻarskiEmail author
  • A. Horváth
  • J. A. Held
  • D. Kucharczyk


Artificial reproduction, being a specific human intervention in the process of reproduction, is a key step in aquaculture of percid fishes. This group of fish, exhibits specific traits, considered amenable to artificial reproductive protocols. For example, this is the only extensively studied group of freshwater teleosts where application of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and gonadoliberine analogues (GnRHa) alone, promotes final oocyte maturation (FOM) and spawning without any other hormonal therapy, whereas in other species (cyprinids, catfishes or salmonids) anti-dopaminergic treatment is also needed. Another characteristic trait is that percid females can release their eggs spontaneously in the tank, regardless of the presence of males. This makes artificial spawning of these fish relatively difficult. In the present chapter endocrine regulation as well as reproductive protocols applied to this group of fish are reviewed extensively, however, the focus of this review is on the final gamete maturation, spermiation and ovulation processes are the steps considered from artificial reproduction perspectives. The published data revealed that scientific activity was focused mainly on the problem of synchronization of ovulation and the effectiveness of different hormonal therapies. This evolved into the development of several specific protocols and methods (e.g. percid-specific pre-ovulatory maturational stages of oocytes), which allowed improvement of that in these species. It was also established, that hCG or GnRHa applied alone are the most effective spawning agents in wild or pond-reared percids. However, there is still a considerable lack of data considering the effectiveness of these protocols in controlled reproduction of domesticated broodstocks. Apart from that, there are many other aspects to be investigated. Such as hormonal regulation of final gamete maturation and spawning, verification of some reproductive protocols as possible gamete quality determinants and gamete management protocols (prior to and following fertilization), which were relatively scarcely studied.


Hormonal regulation Fertilization Spermiation Ovulation Percids 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Żarski
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. Horváth
    • 2
  • J. A. Held
    • 3
  • D. Kucharczyk
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Lake and River FisheriesUniversity of Warmia and MazuryOlsztynPoland
  2. 2.Department of AquacultureSzent István UniversityGödöllőHungary
  3. 3.University of Wisconsin-Extension MadisonMadisonUSA

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