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Nanoparticles and Marine Environment: An Overview

  • I. Ciglenečki
  • V. Svetličić
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series A: Chemistry and Biology book series (NAPSA)

Abstract

In natural waters, including seawater, which can be considered as extreme environment regarding high ionic strength conditions, NPs can transform, adopting strikingly different behavior. There they might be unstable, and subject to fast aggregation and sedimentation that eliminates them from the water column. Adversely, the interaction between metal bearing NPs and organic material (OM) could change their physico-chemical properties, distribution, and persistence in the water column. In general, understanding the behavior and fate of NPs in the aquatic environment is still limited due to lack of efficient methods for their characterization.

Electroanalytical methods in combination with the state-of-the art technique (e.g. AFM) are recognized as a good choice for studying different biogeochemical processes in the marine environment, especially those related with OM, sulfur species and trace metals cycling, and the interaction and distribution between dissolved and colloidal phases. Long-term studies of surface-active particles in the northern Adriatic Sea provided evidence that biotic, as well as abiotic, transformation of OM at the micro and nanoscale are at the root of macroscopic phenomena in the sea. The advent of AFM opened a possibility to directly explore these processes at the scale that determines the fate of OM and its interaction with metal bearing NPs in the seawater.

Keywords

Organic colloids Metal and sulfur bearing nanoparticles Seawater AFM Voltammetry Amperometry 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work is supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology of the Republic of Croatia projects Nos. 098-0982934-2717 and 098-0982934-2744 and the Unity through Knowledge Fund, UKF project: “Nanoparticles in aqueous environment: electrochemical, nanogravimetric, STM and AFM studies”. The COST Action TD1002: “European network on application of Atomic Force Microscopy to NanoMedicine and Life Sciences” is acknowledged for providing fruitful collaborations. Croatian Science Foundation project IP-11-2013-1205 SPHERE.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division for Marine and Environmental ResearchRudjer Bošković InstituteZagrebCroatia

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