Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence



The Sino-Indian treaty of 1954 stated in its preamble that the two governments being desirous of promoting trade and cultural intercourse between the Tibet region of China and India, and of facilitating pilgrimage and travel by the peoples of China and India based their agreement on the following principles:
  1. 1.

    Mutual respect for each other’s territorial integrity and sovereignty.

  2. 2.

    Mutual non-aggression.

  3. 3.

    Mutual non-interference in each other’s internal affairs.

  4. 4.

    Equality and mutual benefit.

  5. 5.

    Peaceful co-existence.



Internal Affair Mutual Respect Mutual Benefit Territorial Integrity Peaceful Coexistence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. 1.
    Lok Sabha Debates, Vol. V, No. 70, col. 7496 ff.Google Scholar
  2. 1.
    As reported in The Hindu, May 19, 1954.Google Scholar
  3. 2.
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  4. 3.
    Speech at banquet for the Indonesian Premier, Sept. 23, 1954.Google Scholar
  5. 4.
    Sen, Chanakya, Tibet Disappears, p. 127–128.Google Scholar
  6. 1.
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  7. 2.
    Panchsheel, op. cit., p. 40.Google Scholar
  8. 3.
    The Hindu, Madras, April 16, 1955. Fisher and Bondurant, Indian views of Sino-Indian relations, p. 17. The Indonesian Pantjasila was less concerned with international relations and consisted of belief in God, humanitarianism, nationalism, democracy and social justice. The Buddhist “sheels” imposed the duty to avoid destruction of life, theft, unchastity, lying and the use of intoxicating liquor. In this study we shall use the term Panchsheel to denote the Indian principles rather than Panchshila or Pancha Shila, mainly to avoid confusion with the Indonesian or Buddhist concepts.Google Scholar
  9. 1.
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  21. 2.
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  23. 4.
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  24. 5.
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  25. 6.
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  29. 1.
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  30. 2.
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  31. 3.
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  32. 4.
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  33. 5.
    Helsinki, Aug. 29, 1955. Ibidem, p. 23.Google Scholar
  34. 1.
    Sir Roger Makins in Foreign Affairs, 33 (1954) 1–16; he preferred “modus vivendi”, as it more closely expressed the idea of a balance resting on peace through strength.Google Scholar
  35. 2.
    Statement of April 16, 1957 signed by Jawaharlal Nehru and Oswaldo Sainte Marie. Panchsheel, op. cit., p. 35.Google Scholar
  36. 1.
    Declaration of the Heads of State or Government of non-aligned countries. Belgrade, Sept. 6, 1961.Google Scholar
  37. 2.
    Chacko, C. J., “Peaceful coexistence as a doctrine of current international affairs,” I.Y.I.A., p. 35.Google Scholar
  38. 3.
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  39. 1.
    “De Bandoung à Belgrade,” Etudes Méditerranénnes, No. 10 (1961) 44–78.Google Scholar

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1967

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