Environmental Conservation for Development in Central America
Conservation in Central America has recently taken the step from protection of wildlife to a wider concept of safeguarding the integrity of the environment in order to attain ecologically and economically sound development. The focus is on translating the concepts of natural resource management, conservation and sustainable development into practical programmes for action through local institutions. Conservation is not seen as a separate sector but as a concept unifying different sectors of society including government and non-governmental organizations. This article chronicles the implementation of the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN’s) regional programme for Central America. The programme, which is based on the World Conservation Strategy, covers tropical rain forests, coral reefs, lagoon systems, coastal wetlands and mangrove forests, and initiates and coordinates projects that demonstrate the link between conservation and development. Environmental impact assessments, institution building, and human resources development are other components of the programme.
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