Advertisement

Fracture Mechanics

Chapter
Part of the Materials Science Series book series (MASCSE)

Abstract

Whilst viscoelastic properties and yield characteristics are of undoubted importance, the main interest in the mechanical properties of rubber-toughened plastics centres upon fracture behaviour, especially under impact loading. Rubber-modified polymers are formulated primarily to overcome problems of brittle fracture encountered in the parent polymer. This point is emphasised in the terminology of the subject, which features terms such as ‘high-impact’ and ‘toughened’ to describe materials containing added rubber.

Keywords

Stress Intensity Factor Fracture Resistance Crack Opening Displacement Strain Energy Release Rate Double Cantilever Beam 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    J. F. Knott, Fundamentals of Fracture Mechanics, Butterworth, London, 1973.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. A. Griffith, Phil Trans. Roy. Soc. A221 (1921) 163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. A. Kelly, Strong Solids, 2nd edn., Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1973.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    C. E. Inglis, Trans. Inst. Naval Arch. 60 (1913) 219.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    E. Orowan, Trans. Inst. Engrs Shipbldrs Scot. 89 (1945) 165.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. P. Berry, J. Poly. Sci. 50 (1961) 107, 313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    G. R. Irwin, J. A. Kies and H. L. Smith, ASTM Proc. 58 (1958) 640.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    H. M. Westergaard, J. Appl. Mech. 61 (1939) A49.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    R. S. Rivlin and A. G. Thomas, J. Poly. Sci. 10 (1953) 291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    D. S. Dugdale, J. Mech. Phys. Solids 8 (1960) 100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    F. M. Burdekin and D. E. W. Stone, J. Strain Anal. 1 (1966) 145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. A. Cottrell, Iron Steel Inst. Spec. Rept. 69 (1961) 281.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    A. A. Wells, Crack Propagation Symp. Proc, College of Aeronautics, Cranfield 1 (1961) 210.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    J. G. Williams, Int. J. Fract. Mechs. 8 (1972) 393.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    P. S. Theocaris, J. Strain Anal. 9 (1974) 197.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    G. P. Marshall, L. E. Culver and J. G. Williams, Proc. Roy. Soc. A319 (1970) 165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    M. Kitagawa and K. Motomura, J. Poly. Sci. (Phys.) 12 (1974) 1979.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    J. G. Williams and G. P. Marshall, Proc. Roy. Soc. A342 (1975) 55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    I. Narisawa and T. Kondo, J. Poly. Sci. (Phys.) 11 (1973) 223.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    T. L. Peterson, D. G. Ast and E. J. Kramer, J. Appl. Phys. 45 (1974) 4220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    R. J. Ferguson, G. P. Marshall and J. G. Williams, Polymer 14 (1973) 451.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    G. P. Marshall, L. E. Culver and J. G. Williams, Int. J. Fract. Mechs 9 (1973) 295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    L. C. Cessna and S. S. Sternstein, J. Poly. Sci. B3 (1965) 825.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    G. R. Irwin and J. A. Kies, Weld. J. Res. Suppl. 33 (1954) 1935.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    G. R. Irwin, Appl. Mat. Res. 3(2) (1964) 65.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    S. Mostovoy, P. B. Crosley and E. J. Ripling, J. ‘Materials (ASTM) 2 (1967) 661.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    G. P. Marshall, L. E. Culver and J. G. Williams, Plast. Polym. 37 (1969) 75.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    T. Kobayashi and L. J. Broutman, J. Appl. Polymer Sci. 17 (1973) 2053.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    A. C. Meeks, Polymer 15 (1974) 675.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    T. Kobayashi and L. J. Broutman, J. Appl. Polymer Sci. 17 (1973) 1909.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    M. F. Kanninen, Int. J. Fracture 9 (1973) 83.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    D. P. Clausing, Int. J. Fract. Mechs. 5 (1969) 211.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    C. E. Turner, J. Strain Anal. 10 (1975) 207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    L. J. Broutman and T. Kobayashi, in Dynamic Crack Propagation, G. C. Sih (ed.), Noordhoff, Leyden, 1973, p. 215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    H. W. Greensmith and A. G. Thomas, J. Poly: Sci. 18 (1955) 189.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    H. W. Greensmith, J. Poly. Sci. 21 (1956) 175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    B. Cotterell, Appl. Mat. Res, 4 (1965) 227.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    E. H. Yoffe, Phil. Mag. 42 (1951) 739.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    J. P. Berry, in Fracture Processes in Polymeric Solids, B. Rosen (ed.), Interscience, New York, 1964, p. 157.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    H. R. Brown, J. Mater. Sci. 8 (1973) 941.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    A. C. Meeks, Polymer 15 (1974) 675.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    A. C. Meeks, Brit. Poly. J. 7 (1975) 1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    F. J. McGarry, Proc. Roy. Soc. A319 (1970) 59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    J. N. Sultan and F. J. McGarry, Poly. Engng Sci. 13 (1973) 29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    A. D. S. Diggwa, Polymer 15 (1974) 101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    E. H. Rowe, A. R. Siebert and R. S. Drake, Mod. Plast. 47 (Aug. 1970) 110.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    D. Peretz and A. T. DiBenedetto, Eng. Fract. Mech. 4 (1972) 979.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    J. J. Benbow, Proc. Phys. Soc. 78 (1961) 970.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    L. J. Broutman and F. J. McGarry, J. Appl. Polymer Sci. 9 (1965) 585.Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    J. P. Berry, J. Poly. Sci. A1 (1963) 993.Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    N. L. Svenson, Proc. Phys. Soc. 11 (1961) 876.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    A. T. DiBenedetto and K. L. Trachte, J. Appl. Polymer Sci. 14 (1970) 2249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    R. E. Robertson, ACS Div. Org. Coat. Plast. Prepr. 34(2) (1974) 229.Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    R. P. Kusy and D. T. Turner, Polymer 15 (1974) 394.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    S. Wu, J. Adhesion 5 (1973) 39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    S. T. Wellinghoff and E. Baer, J. Macromol. Sci. (Phys.) B11 (1975) 367.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    J. M. Scott and D. C. Phillips, J. Mater. Sci. 10 (1975) 551.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    L. J. Broutman and F. J. McGarry, J. Appl. Polymer Sci. 9 (1965) 609.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    J. C. Reid and C. B. Bucknall, unpublished work.Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    J. A. Manson and R. W. Hertzberg, CRC Crit. Revs Macromol. Sci. 1 (1973) 433.Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    P. C. Paris and F. Erdogan, Trans. ASME D85 (1963) 528.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    H. H. Johnson and P. C. Paris, Eng. Fract. Mech. 1 (1968) 3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    R. W. Hertzberg, H. Nordberg and J. A. Manson, J. Mater. Sci. 5 (1970) 521.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    N. H. Watts and D. J. Burns, Poly. Engng Sci. 7 (1967) 90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    B. Mukherjee, L. E. Culver and D. J. Burns, Exp. Mech. 9 (1969) 90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    R. W. Hertzberg, J. A. Manson and W. C. Wu, ASTM STP 536 (1973) 391.Google Scholar
  67. 67.
    A. T. DiBenedetto, J. Macromol. Sci. B7 (1973) 657.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    J. A. Manson and R. W. Hertzberg, J. Poly. Sci. (Phys.) 11 (1973) 2483.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MaterialsCranfield Institute of TechnologyCranfield, BedfordEngland

Personalised recommendations