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Charles Maurras: The Beginnings of the Action Française

  • Samuel M. Osgood

Abstract

“L’Action Française est née de l’Affaire Dreyfus”, wrote Léon de Montesquiou of the origins of the most resilient, if not the most controversial, political movement in contemporary France.1 Avowedly Catholic, royalist, and Ultranationalist, the Action Française has survived in turn the ban of the Papacy, the repudiation of the House of France, and the condemnation of its leader to national degradation for “intelligence with the enemy” during World War II. To be sure, after 1945 the movement represented little more than a shadow of its former self, and it took on all the aspects of “une chapelle”. Yet the flame continued to flicker, and in the late 1950’s the movement even showed signs of rejuvenation. The domestic career of the Action Française was a stormy one to say the least, and the second generation of Maurrassians has been true to its elders in this as in other ways. Under the Fourth Republic, Maurras’ heritage was bitterly fought over by two weeklies, Aspects de la France and La Nation Française.

Keywords

Political Thought Domestic Career Hobbesian State Political Bureau Open Aristocracy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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    A. de Coudekerque-Lambrecht, Lion de Montesquiou: sa vie politique — L’Action Française (Paris, 1925), p. 28. For the important contributions of American scholars to the historiography of the Action Française, see the author’s “Charles Maurras et l’Action Française: Etat des Travaux Américains,” Revue Française de Science Politique, VIII (March, 1958).Google Scholar
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    Quoted in Pierre Brodin, Présences contemporaines (Paris, 1955), II, pp. 129–130. In praise of Maurras see Charles Maurras (1868–1852): Témoignages... (Paris, 1953); for a violent outburst against him see Ernest Renauld, L’Action Française contre l’Eglise Catholique et contre la Monarchie (Paris, 1936).Google Scholar
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  64. 1.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samuel M. Osgood

There are no affiliations available

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