The Phenomenological Philosophy of Maurice Merleau-Ponty (1908–1961)

  • Herbert Spiegelberg
Part of the Phaenomenologica book series (PHAE, volume 6)


Maurice Merleau-Ponty is the author of the first French systematic work which displays the word “phénoménologie” in its main title, the Phénoménologie de la perception. This fact in itself establishes for him an important place in the annals of the Phenomenological Movement. But even apart from that, he has gone further than most other French philosophers, including Sartre, by identifying phenomenology with philosophy as such. This fact would seem to require the inclusion of his entire philosophy in the present account of the French phase. The only circumstance which can free me from such a vast assignment is the relative and, to some extent, intrinsic incompleteness and fluidity of his philosophy at this time.


Life World Phenomenological Reduction Phenomenological Philosophy Phenomenal Field Phenomenological Movement 
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Selective Bibliography

Major Works

  1. La Structure du comportement (1942) (SC)Google Scholar
  2. Phénoménologie de la perception (1945) (PP) Translation: English (Preface only) in Crosscurrents VI (1956), 59–70, by John F. Bannan — fair, not free from serious mistakes.Google Scholar
  3. Humanisme et terreur (1947) (HT) “Le Primat de la perception et ses conséquences philosophiques,” Bulletin de la Société Française de Philosophie,Oct-Dec. 1947 (PPCP)Google Scholar
  4. Sens et non-sens (1948) (SN) “Le Philosophe et la sociologie,” Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie X (1951) 55–69Google Scholar
  5. Les Sciences de l’homme et la phénoménologie. Cours de Sorbonne. Introduction et première partie. 1951–2 (SP) “L’Homme et l’adversité,” Rencontres internationales de Genève (1952) 51–75 (RI) “Sur la Phénoménologie du langage” Problèmes actuels de la phénoménolo- gie (1952) (PA), 91–109Google Scholar
  6. Éloge de la philosophie (1953) (EP)Google Scholar
  7. Les Aventures de la dialectique (1955) (AD)Google Scholar
  8. Les Philosophes célèbres (1956) (PC)Google Scholar

Studies on Merleau-Ponty

  1. Alquié, F., “Une Philosophie de l’ambiguité: L’existentialisme de Maurice Merleau-Ponty,” Fontaine no. 59 (1947), 47–70Google Scholar
  2. De Waelhens, Alphonse, Une philosophie de l’ambiguité: L’Existentialisme de Maurice Merleau-Ponty (1951)Google Scholar

Articles in English

  1. Bannan, John F., “Philosophical Reflection and the Phenomenology of Merleau-Ponty,” Review of Metaphysics VIII (1954), 418–42.Google Scholar
  2. Bayer, Raymond, “Merleau-Ponty’s Existentialism,” The University of Buffalo Studies 19 (1953), 95–104.Google Scholar
  3. Schuetz, Alfred, “Language, Language Disturbances, and the Texture of Consciousness,” Social Research XVII (1950), 380–2.Google Scholar
  4. Spiegelberg, Herbert, “French Existentialism: Its Social Philosophies,” Kenyon Review XVI (1954), 454–62.Google Scholar

Most Complete Bibliography up to 1950

  1. Douglas, Kenneth A Critical Bibliography of Existentialism (The Paris School) Yale French Studies. Special Monograph no. 1 (1950), items 201–229. (Some omissions)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • Herbert Spiegelberg

There are no affiliations available

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