Gabriel Marcel (1889– ) as a Phenomenologist

  • Herbert Spiegelberg
Part of the Phaenomenologica book series (PHAE, volume 6)


In his pioneering survey of Phenomenology in France Jean Hering concludes his two-page discussion of Gabriel Marcel as “an independent phenomenologist” with the following statement: “We believe we may affirm that, even if German phenomenology (to suppose the impossible) had remained unknown in France, nevertheless a phenomenology would have been constituted there; and this, to a large extent, would be due to the influence of Gabriel Marcel.” Hering, an old-style phenomenologist and anything but an existentialist, supports this remarkable estimate by referring to Marcel’s “concern for research” and for exploring the “essence” of things without separating them from the consciousness that presents them to us; to his sense of the “inanity” of Weltanschauungsphilosophie; and to his concrete studies of such phenomena as “having,” which keep free from the “mania” of reducing the phenomena to “nothing but” something else.1


Phenomenological Analysis Socratic Dialogue Scientific Philosophy Concrete Approach Implicit Content 
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Selective Bibliography

Major Works

  1. Journal métaphysique (1927; written in 1914 and 1915–1923) (JM) Translations: English (1952) by Bernard Wall — goodGoogle Scholar
  2. La Métaphysique de Royce (1943; written 1917–18)Google Scholar
  3. Translation: English (1956) by V. and R. Ringer; with special preface by MarcelGoogle Scholar
  4. Etre et avoir (1935) (E.A.) Google Scholar
  5. Translation: English (1951) by K. Farrer — good, some errors Du Refus d l’invocation (1940) (R.I.) Google Scholar
  6. Homo viator, Prolégomènes à une métaphysique de l’espérance (1945) (H. V) Translation: English (1951) by Emma Craufurd — readable, at times unnecessarily freeGoogle Scholar
  7. Positions et approches du mystère ontologique (1949); first published in 1933 as an appendix to Le monde cassé. (PA) Google Scholar
  8. Translation: English (1949) by M. Harari in The Philosophy of Existence — not always accurateGoogle Scholar
  9. Le Mystère de l’être (1951). Gifford lectures. 2 vols. (ME) Google Scholar
  10. Translation: English (1951) by G. S. Fraser; there are considerable differences between the English version and the French, which appeared a year later. The translation is apparently quite free.Google Scholar
  11. Les Hommes contre l’humain (1952)Google Scholar
  12. Translation: English (1950) by G. S. FraserGoogle Scholar
  13. L’Homme problématique (1955)Google Scholar


  1. Gilson, Etienne, ed., Existentialisme chrétien: Gabriel Marcel (1947) Contains four analytical essays, followed by an autobiographical essay, translated in The Philosophy of Existence.Google Scholar
  2. Prini, Pietro, Gabriel Marcel e la Metodologia dell’ Inverificabile With interesting preface by Marcel; translated into French. RICOEUR, PAUL Gabriel Marcel et Karl Jaspers (1947) Analytical confrontation.Google Scholar
  3. Sottiaux, Edgard, Gabriel Marcel, philosophe et dramaturge (1956)Google Scholar
  4. Troisfontaines, Roger, S. J., De l’Existence d l’être. La philosophie de Gabriel Marcel. 2 vols. (1952). With preface by Marcel.Google Scholar

Articles in English

  1. Hocking, W. E., “Marcel and the Ground Issues of Metaphysics,”’PPR XIV, 439–69Google Scholar
  2. Jarrett-Kerr M., “Gabriel Marcel on Faith and Unbelief,” Hibbert Journal XLV (1947), 321–26Google Scholar
  3. Ostermann, Robert, “G. Marcel (I) The Discovery of Being (II) The Recovery of Being, (III) Existence and the Idea of Being,” The Modern Schoolman XXXI (1953), 99–116, 289–305, XXXII (1954), 19–33Google Scholar

Ph. D. Theses

  1. Gallagher, Kenneth T., The Philosophical Method of Gabriel Marcel. [1] Fordham University, 1958Google Scholar

Most Complete Recent Bibliographies

  1. For Marcel’s own writings, see Troisfontaines, II, 381–425; for studies about Marcel, see Collins, James, The Existentialists (Chicago, 1952), [21 pp. 258 f.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • Herbert Spiegelberg

There are no affiliations available

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