Diatoms in surface sediments of the Indonesian Archipelago and their relation to hydrography

  • J. M. van Iperen
  • A. J. van Bennekom
  • T. C. E. van Weering
Part of the Developments in Hydrobiology book series (DIHY, volume 90)


Diatoms from 53 surface sediments (water depth 350–7200 m) of the Indonesian Archipelago were studied to determine the recent distribution of important assemblages. Three significant assemblages were distinguished, each related to hydrographie parameter(s) of the overlying water mass. The first assemblage is related to the warm saline surface waters of Pacific and Indian Ocean origin; the second assemblage reflects the low-salinity lobe in Makassar Strait; and the third corresponds to major seasonal upwelling areas in the Arafura Sea and south of Java.

The normalized ratio of typically Pacific Ocean and Indian Ocean species reflects the fluctuations of the Pacific versus Indian Ocean inflow during the Late Quaternary.

Absolute diatom abundances (ADA; in valves g −1 carbonate-free dry wt) and diatom accumulation rates (DAR; in valves cm −2 ka −1) of autochthonous species did not correspond to daily rates of primary production in the photic zone and consequently cannot be used for paleoproductivity estimates.

Besides vertical transport some lateral transport of diatoms occurs, as was demonstrated by the presence of three groups of allochthonous species. They are indicators of productivity in the littoral environment, bottom currents and river outflow.

Key words

diatoms surface sediments hydrographic relation Indonesian Archipelago 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. M. van Iperen
    • 1
  • A. J. van Bennekom
    • 1
  • T. C. E. van Weering
    • 1
  1. 1.Netherlands Institute for Sea ResearchDen Burg, TexelThe Netherlands

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