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Reproductive biology of lamnoid sharks

  • R. Grant Gilmore
Part of the Developments in environmental biology of fishes book series (DEBF, volume 14)

Abstract

The capture of recently inseminated or pregnant specimens of Carcharias taurus, Isurus paucus, I. oxyrinchus, Alopias superciliosus and A. vulpinus has allowed new information to be obtained on the reproductive biology of these species. Oophagy and embryonic cannibalism (adelphophagy) have been documented in C. taurus, but only oophagy in other lamnoid species. The occurrence of up to nine embryos of similar size per uterus in Isurus and no indication of functional erect teeth in embryos leaves considerable doubt that embryophagy occurs in this genus. Considerable data has been collected on Carcharias taurus which allows a lamnoid reproductive model to be developed and tested, in spite of the obvious differences between the reproductive biology of this species and other lamnoids. Gonad structure, ovarian development, fertilization, early embryonic differentiation, embryonic nutrition and parturition, in C. taurus and other lamnoids differs significantly from other elasmobranchs.

Key words

Embryonic development Oophagy Embryophagy Adelphophagy Migration Elasmobranchs 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Grant Gilmore
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Environmental, Coastal and Ocean SciencesHarbor Branch Oceanographic InstitutionFort PierceUSA

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