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The Cultural Milieu of Francis Poulenc (1899–1963) and His “Musique De Tous Les Jours”

(Including a Brief Survey of his Works for Piano)
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Part of the Analecta Husserliana book series (ANHU, volume 63)

Abstract

The cultural climate in France, particularly in Paris, from the turn of the century to the years surrounding World War I, has often been described as kaleidoscopic. The divergent trends present in every facet of the fine arts are difficult to classify and categorize, because of their mutual interconnections and influence as well as the constant fluctuations of style and purpose within themselves. The visual arts saw the development of such trends as Fauvism, Cubism and Dadaism, while in poetry, Symbolism was the most important style. In music, Wagner and his philosophies had exerted a strong influence over most of Europe in the late nineteenth century, and this force was still present in the early decades of the twentieth century. Bridging the gap between Wagner’s romantic legacy and the avant-gardists of the early twentieth century were those composers known as Impressionists, such as Claude Debussy (1862–1918) and Maurice Ravel (1875–1937). Concurrently in France, in the midst of all these “isms,” there existed a more stable and perhaps even more realistic institution: the world of French popular culture. In the early years of the twentieth century, certain younger composers began to react against some of the principles that the older generation of composers still clung to. There was a decided move away from the grandiose, blatantly romantic gestures associated with Wagner and his romantic legacy, and also a move away from the vagueness and dreaminess of the Impressionistic style.

Keywords

Musical Training Popular Music Musical Composition Artistic Development Musical Style 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of MusicMichigan State UniversityUSA

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