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The Makassar War

  • Leonard Y. Andaya
Part of the Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde book series (VKIV, volume 91)

Abstract

On the morning of 24 November 1666 the Company expedition to Makassar and the Eastern Quarters set sail under the command of Admiral Cornelis Janszoon Speelman. The fleet consisted of the admiralship Tertholen, and twenty other vessels carrying some 1,870 people, among whom were 818 Dutch sailors, 578 Dutch soldiers, and 395 native troops. The principal native soldiers were from Ambon under Captain Joncker and the Bugis under Arung Palakka and Arung Belo Tosa’dĕng (Stapel 1922:97–9).1

Keywords

Silk Cloth West Monsoon Native Troop Satin Cloth Prosperous City 
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References

  1. 1.
    In the Dutch sources the Arung Belo Tosadéng is referred to as de radja van Soping, the king of Soppeng. He was actually a son of the Datu Soppeng La Ténribali Matinroe ri Datunna who was living in exile in Sanrangang.Google Scholar
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    Among the Makassar people the Bajau are known as Turijene or water people. They appeared to have served the Goa court as rowers, seafighters, and envoys, in the same way that the Orang Laut (lit., the seapeople) in the western half of the Indonesian archipelago seemed to have served the Malay kingdoms. See Speelman 1926: unpag. and Andaya 1975: 50-1 passim.Google Scholar
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    A mas was a small gold coin. There were a number of different types of rijksdaalders circulating in this period. This particular coprijksdaalder may refer to a head (cop) struck on one or both sides of the coin.Google Scholar
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    The excitement of the time is captured in a Bugis lontara’s depiction of the arrival of Arung Palakka at Pattiro and his welcome by the multitudes who instantly recognized his upé (Undang-Undang 1914:119). It was this upé which overcame all barriers and made the people follow Arung Palakka and believe in his destiny. The manner of Arung Palakka’s return and his remarkable achievements established a cultural-historical pattern which came to characterize later events in South Sulawesi. The Makassar refugees after 1667 and 1669 left with similar hopes of returning with an ally powerful enough to free their homeland. Although they were unsuccessful, the precedent had been established by Arung Palakka. Arung Sengkang La Madukéllengs story almost directly parallels that of Arung ’Palakka, and he, too, is considered to be an unusual figure in South Sulawesi history. A more recent figure with the same pattern is that of Kahar Muzakkar. See L. Y. Andaya 1977.Google Scholar
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    This may have been the Daeng Mattoana mentioned by Speelman as Arung Palakka’s maternal uncle who accompanied Arung Palakka into exile (Notitie 1670: 709r). -Google Scholar
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    This refers to a Bugis-Makassar practice of taking the head of an enemy and dancing with it in the aru upon offering it to one’s lord.Google Scholar
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    A rial or rial-of-eight was a Spanish silver coin imported into Asia by the Dutch and the English. Its value depended partly on the weight and fineness of the individual coin, and partly on supply and demand. It normally was worth about 21/2 Dutch guilders.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leonard Y. Andaya
    • 1
  1. 1.University of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand

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