The structure and nomenclature of steroids



Four rings of carbon atoms form the basic steroid molecular skeleton. Their arrangement corresponds to that of perhydrocyclopentenophenanthrene (Figure 1.1). Adjoining pairs of rings each share two carbon atoms at ring junctions. Almost all natural steroids possess either one or, more usually, two methyl (CH3) groups at ‘angular’ or ‘bridgehead’ positions where two rings meet (Figure 1.1).


Bile Acid Chiral Centre Chenodeoxycholic Acid Lithocholic Acid Sequence Rule 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  2. Duax, W.L. and Norton, D.A., eds. (1975) Atlas of Steroid Structure, vol. 1. Plenum, New York.Google Scholar
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Additional general bibliography

  1. Florkin, M. and Stotz, E.H., eds. (1963) Comprehensive Biochemistry, vol. 10, Sterols, bile acids, and steroids. Elsevier, New York.Google Scholar
  2. Gower, D.B. (1980) Steroid Hormones. Mosby—Year Book, St. Louis.Google Scholar
  3. Hanson, J.R. (1968) Introduction to Steroid Chemistry. Pergamon, Oxford.Google Scholar
  4. Klyne, W. (1965) The Chemistry of the Steroids. Methuen, London.Google Scholar
  5. Shoppee, C.W. (1964) Chemistry of the Steroids, 2nd edn. Butterworths, London.Google Scholar

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1995

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