Cancer vaccines

  • Malek M. Safa
  • Kenneth A. Foon


Immune approaches to the therapy of cancer have substantially evolved over recent years, from treating patients with nonspecific immune stimulants to a focus on the use of tumor-associated antigens (TAAs) either by passive immune therapy with antibodies targeted directly to tumor cells or by active immune therapy via vaccination with tumor cells, tumor cell lysates, peptides, carbohydrates, gene constructs encoding proteins, or anti-idiotype antibodies that mimic TAAs.


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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Malek M. Safa
  • Kenneth A. Foon

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