Advertisement

A “Struggle Approach” to Human Rights

Chapter

Abstract

It is argued that legitimate resistance is the conceptual and historical counterpart. and the ultimate guarantor, of human rights. Human rights = legitimate resistance. Human rights find their most reliable roots in the struggles throughout history for the values that underlie these rights.

The history of the link between human rights and resistance is investigated. The implications of this approach for a number of human rights issues — identifying human rights claims; the relationship between civil and political and socio-economic rights; the counter-majoritarian dilemma and the universalist/relativist debate — are investigated.

The ongoing nature of history is emphasised, as well as the creative potential of members of the present generation to influence history, and as such the nature of human rights, through their struggles.

Keywords

Civil Disobedience Moral Conviction General Duty Ultimate Guarantor Armed Struggle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Archibugi, Danielle (1995) “Immanuel Kant, cosmopolitan law and peace”, European Journal of International Relations, 1, 429–456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Baehr. Peter R (1998) De rechten van de mens, Boom, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  3. Cahn, Edmond N (1949) The sense of injustice, New York University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. EI-Obaid, EA & Appiagyei-Atua, K (1996) “Human rights in Africa — A new perspective on linking the past to the present”, McGill Law Journal 41, 819–854Google Scholar
  5. Freeman. Michael (1994) “The philosophical foundations of human rights”, Human Rights Quarterly, 16, 491–514CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gluckman, Max (1952) Rituals of rebellion in South-East Africa, Manchester University Press, ManchesterGoogle Scholar
  7. Gluckman, Max (1963) Order and rebellion to tribal Africa, Cohen, LondonGoogle Scholar
  8. Grotius (1916) The law of scar and peace De,edition (translated by FW Kelsey) Carnegie Institution, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  9. Habermas, Jürgen (1998) “Remarks on legitimisation through human rights”, Philosophy and Social riticisnt, 24,157–171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Heyns. Christof (1991) I jurisprudential analysis of civil disobedience in South Africa, unpublished PhD thesis. University of the WitwatersrandGoogle Scholar
  11. Heyns, Christof (1995) “African human rights law and the European Convention”, South African Journal on Human Rights, 1, 252–263Google Scholar
  12. Heyns, Christof (1995) “The preamble of the United Nations Charter: The contribution of Jan Smuts”, African, Journal of International und Comparative Lain, 7, 329–348Google Scholar
  13. Heyns, Christof (ed) (2001) Human Rights Law in Africa 1998, Kluwer Law International, The HagueGoogle Scholar
  14. Kamenka, Eugene & Erh-Soon Tay, Alice (eds) (1979) Human rights, Edward Arnold. LondonGoogle Scholar
  15. Karts, T and Caner, GM (eds) (1973) From protest to challenge: A documentary history of African politics in South Africa 1882–1964, vol 2, Hoover Institution, Stanford, CaliforniaGoogle Scholar
  16. Lauren. Paul Gordon (1998) lite evolution of international human rights, University of Pennsylvania Press. PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  17. Lindgren Alves. José A (2000) “The Declaration of Human Rights in postmodernity” Human Rights Quarterly, 22, 478–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Locke. John (1960) Two treatises of government, (ed Peter Laslett), Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  19. Mandela, Nelson (1994) Long walk to freedom, Abacus, LondonGoogle Scholar
  20. Moore, Barrington (1978) Injustice, MacMillan, LondonGoogle Scholar
  21. Plato (1979) The last days of Socrates, (translated by H TredennickI Penguin. Harmondsworth, MiddlesexGoogle Scholar
  22. Polley, James A (ed) (1988) The Freedom Charter and the future, IDASA, Cape TownGoogle Scholar
  23. Reisman, Michael W (1983) “The tormented conscience: Applying and appraising unauthorised coercion”, Emory Last Journal 32, 499Google Scholar
  24. Rousseau, Jean-Jacques (1932) The social contract and discourses, (translated by GDH Cole), Dent, LondonGoogle Scholar
  25. Serfontein. Paula (1992) “Maclntyre en die liberale tradisie”, Suid-Afrikaanse vdskrif vir Wysbegeerte, 11, 32–40Google Scholar
  26. Shestack, Jerome J (1998) “The philosophic foundations of human rights”, Human Rights Quarterly, 20, 201–234CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Skinner, Q (1978) The, foundations of modern political thought, Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Stammers, Neil (1993) “Human rights and power” Political Studies, XLI, 70–82Google Scholar
  29. Swan, Maureen (1985) Gandhi: The South African experience, Ravan, JohannesburgGoogle Scholar
  30. UNESCO (1986) Philosophical foundations of human rights, UNESCO, ParisGoogle Scholar
  31. Viljoen, Frans (2001) “Africa’s contribution to the development of international human rights and humanitarian law”, African Human Rights Law Journa, 1, 117–37Google Scholar
  32. Wellman, Carl (2000) “Solidarity, the individual and human rights” Human Rights Ouarterly, 22, 639–657CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Winston, Morton E (1989) The philosophy of human rights, Wadsworth, Belmont, CaliforniaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2001

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations