Advertisement

Involvement of Gibberellins in Development and Senescence of Rose Flowers

  • N. Zieslin
  • H. Agbaria
Conference paper

Abstract

It was previously reported (Goszczynska et al., 1990) that longevity of flowers in certain rose cultivars was improved and petal senescence was postponed following post-harvest treatment of the flowers with GA3. One of the main findings was a significant decrease in leakage of electrolytes from GA3-treated petals, although several rose cultivars were insensitive to GA3 (Sabehat and Zieslin, 1994). High sensitivity of cv. Mercedes flowers to GA3 treatments and a complete insensitivity of cv. Madelon flowers (Shaul et al., 1995) stimulated investigation of GA3 effects in petals of these two cultivars. Some of the results of this investigation are described in the present report.

Keywords

Petal Senescence Rose Flower Rose Petal Rose Cultivar Plant Physio 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abolitz, M. and Zieslin, N. (1996) Effect of pH in root environment on leakage of phenolic compounds and mineral ions from roots of Rosa indica major, Adv. Hortic. Sci. 10, 210–214.Google Scholar
  2. Acock, B. and Nichols, R. (1979) Effect of sucrose and water relations in cut senescing carnation flowers, Ann Bot. 44, 221–230.Google Scholar
  3. Borochov, A., Halevy, A.H., Borochov, H. and Shinitsky, M. (1978) Microviscosity of plasmalemmas in rose petals as affected by age and environmental factors, Plant Physiol. 61, 812–815.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Borochov, A., Halevy, A.H., and Shinitsky, M. (1982) Senescence and the fluidity of rose petal membranes, Plant Physiol. 69, 296–299.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Borochov, A., Tirosh, T. and Halevy, A.H. (1976) Abscisic acid content of senescing petals in cut rose flowers as affected by sucrose and water stress, Plant Physiol. 58, 175–178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Borochov, A. and Woodson, R.W. (1989) Physiology and biochemistry of flower petal senescence, Hortic. Rev. 11, 15–43.Google Scholar
  7. Cramer, G.R., Lynch, J., Läuchli, A. and Epstein, E. (1987) Influx of Na+, K+ and Ca2+ into roots of salt-stressed coton seedling, Plant Physiol. 83, 510–516.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Eklund, L. and Eliasson, L. (1990) Effect of calcium concentration on cell wall synthesis, J. Exp. Bot. 41, 863–867.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Goszczynska, D.M., Zieslin, N., Mor, Y. and Halevy, A.H. (1990) Improvement of postharvest keeping quality of Mercedes roses by gibberellin, Plant Growth Regul. 9, 293–303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Halevy, A.H., Mayak, S., Tirosh, T., Spigelstein, H. and Kofranek, A.M. (1974) Opposing effects of abscisic acid on senescence of rose flowers, Plant Cell Physiol. 15, 813–821.Google Scholar
  11. Hepler, P.K. and Wayne, R.O. (1985) Calcium and plant development, Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. 36, 397–439.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Itzchaki, H., Borochov, A. and Mayak, S. (1990) Age-related changes in petal membranes from attached and detached rose flowers, Plant Physiol. 94, 1233–1236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ketchum, K.A. and Poole, R.J. (1991) Cytosolic calcium regulates a potassium current in corn (Zea mays) protoplasts, J. Memb. Biol. 119, 277–288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. McQueen-Mason, S.J. and Cosgrove, D.J. (1995) Disruption of hydrogen bonding between wall polymers by protein that induce plant wall extension, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91, 6574–6578.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Pantoja,O., Gelli, A. and Blumwald, E. (1992) Voltage-dependent calcium channels in plant vacuoles, Science 225, 1567–1570.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Rose, J.K.C., Lee, H.H. and Benett A.B. (1997) Expression of divergent expansin gene in fruit specific and ripening-regulated, Proc.Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94, 5955–5960.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Ross, J. and O’Neill, D. (2001) New interactions between classical plant hormones, Trends Plant Sci. 6, 2–4.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Sabehat, A. and Zieslin, N. (1994) GA3 effects on postharvest alterations in cell membranes of rose (Rosa hybrida) petals, J. Plant Physiol. 144, 513–517.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Schumaker, K.S. and Sze, H. (1985) A Ca2/H+ antiport system driven by the proton electrochemical gradient of tonoplast H+–ATPase from oat roots, Plant Physiol. 79, 1111–1117.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Shaul, O., Elad, Y. and Zieslin, N. (1995) Suppression of Botrytis blight in cut rose flowers with gibberellic acid: effect of concentration and mode of application, Postharvest Biol. Technol. 6, 321–330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Shinitzky, M. (1984) Membrane fluidity and cellular functions, in M. Shinitzky (ed.) Physiology of Membrane Fluidity, Vol. 1, CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp. 2–51.Google Scholar
  22. Zieslin,N. and Abolitz, M. (1994) Leakage of phenolic compounds from plant roots: effects of pH, Ca2+ and NaCl, Sci. Hort. 58, 303–314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Zieslin, N., Shaul, O. and Elad, Y. (1996) Suppression of Botrytis blight in rose flowers with gibberellic acid. Possible formation of endogenous, inhibitory compounds, J. Plant Physiol. 149, 580–584.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Zieslin
    • 1
  • H. Agbaria
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Horticulture, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Faculty of AgricultureFood and Environmental ScienceRehovotIsrael

Personalised recommendations