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A. Schütz: Phenomenology and Understanding Sociology

  • Carmen López Sáenz
Chapter
Part of the Analecta Husserliana book series (ANHU, volume 52)

Abstract

A. Schütz (1899–1959) is, no doubt, sociophenomenology’s major representative. Even if his abundant production rather than being independent is prone to abound in original concepts of other thinkers like Husserl or Weber, among others, Schütz’ main merits are the discovery of the important role Phenomenology plays in sociological studies and the creation of a sociology that investigates the structure and social distribution of common sense knowledge.

Keywords

Social Reality Natural Attitude Objective World Transcendental Phenomenology Common Sense Knowledge 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Although the processes of typification act as true a priori, they do not aim at discovering the eidos. If for Husserl essence is the signifying structure of intentional conscience, for Schütz, the search for the essence of the state, of society, etc. is not as important as the examination of the general features of phenomena so as to manifest their multiple structure and their formal genesis. Essence is thus neither a metaphysical concept nor a methodological device with empirical determinations. It should be taken into account that Husserl did not apply those types to social analysis.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cf. Schütz, A., Collected Papers III (The Hague: M. Nijhoff, 1966), p. 17.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cf. Ibid., p. 26.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cf. Schütz, A., “Type and Eidos…”, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research XX (1959) p. 164.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cf. Schütz, A., Collected Papers III, p. 4.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cf. Natanson, M., Anonymity. A Study in the Philosophy of A. Schütz (Bloomington: Indiana Univ. Press, 1986), p. 123.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cf. Schütz, A., Collected Papers I (The Hague: M. Nijhoff, 1962), p. 149.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cf. Schütz, A., “El problema de la intersubjetividad transcendental en Husserl”, Aa.VV., Husserl. Tercer coloquio filosofico de Royaumont (Buenos Aires: Paidòs, 1968), p. 310.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Martin Algarra, M., La communicación en la vida cotidiana. La fenomenologia de A. Schütz (Pamplona: EUNSA, 1993), p. 253.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Cf. Schütz, A., “Fragments on the Phenomenology of Music”, in: Kersten, F. (ed.) Music and Man 2(1–2) (1976): 11.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Cf. Schütz, A., The Structures of the Life-World. II (Bloomington: Northwestern Univ. Press, 1989), pp. 152–153.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cf. Zaner, R. M., “Theory of Intersubjectivity: Alfred Schütz”, Social Research XXVII (1961): 71.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Cf. Schütz, A., `El problema de la intersubjectividad transcendental en Husserl“, p. 311.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Cf. Ibid., p. 313.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    A detailed study of the problem of intersubjectivity in Husserl, Merleau-Ponty and Schütz, and of its implications with phenomenology, in López Saenz, M. C., Investigaciones fenomenológicas sobre el origen del mundo social (Zaragoza: PUZ, 1994).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Cf. Schütz, A., Collected Papers I, p. 195.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Cf. Schütz, A., Collected Papers III, pp. 66–67.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Cf. Carrington, J., “Schütz on Transcendental Intersubjectivity in Husserl”, Human Studies 2 (1979): 95–110.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Cf. Schütz, A., Life Forms and Meaning Structure (London: Routledge and K. Paul, 1982), pp. 130–131.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Cf. Schütz, A., Collected Papers III, p. 37.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Schütz, A., “El problema de la intersubjectividad transcendental en Husserl”, p. 316.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Cf. Schütz, A., Life Forms and Meaning Structure, pp. 103–105.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Cf. Schütz, A., Collected Papers I, p. 230.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Cf. Schütz, A., El problema de la realidad social (B. Aires: Amorrotu, 1962), p. 105.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Cf. Spurling, L., Phenomenology and Social World, p. 174.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Thomason, B. C., Making Sense of Reification (London: MacMillan Press, 1982), p. 62.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Cf. Gummer, G., “A Critical Examination of Phenomenological Sociology”, Sociological Analysis III(1) (1972): 13.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Hindess, H., Phenomenology and Methodology in the Social Science (Univ. Harvester Press, 1977), p. 63.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Hindess, H., “The Phenomenological Sociology of Alfred Schütz”, Economy and Society 12(1) (1972): 15.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Cf. Schütz, A., “Type and Eidos…”, p. 147.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Cf. Habermas, J., La logica de las ciencias sociales (Madrid: Tecnos, 1988), p. 198.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Cf. Ibid., p. 198.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Cf. Schütz, A., “El problema de la intersubjetividad transcendental en Husserl”, pp. 315–316.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Cf. Tymieniecka, A. T., The Phenomenology of Man and of the Human Condition, Analecta Husserliana XIV (Dordrecht: Kluwer Ac., 1983), p. 40.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carmen López Sáenz
    • 1
  1. 1.UNEDMadridSpain

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