Trophic interactions in a shallow lake following a reduction in nutrient loading: a long-term study

  • Martin R. Perrow
  • Brian Moss
  • Julia Stansfield
Part of the Developments in Hydrobiology book series (DIHY, volume 94)


After the diversion of a nutrient-rich inflow, the eutrophic lake, Alderfen Broad, initially showed reduced total phosphorus concentrations and phytoplankton populations, clear water and the establishment of submerged macrophytes. Internal P loading then increased, perhaps stimulated by the senescence of submerged macrophytes and exacerbated by the lack of flushing. Cyanophytes appeared in the summer of two years. As a consequence of poor recruitment of roach (Rutilus rutilus (L.)), the chief zooplanktivore, and a summerkill of the fish population, populations of large-bodied Cladocera (Daphnia hyalina/longispina and ultimately D. magna) developed. In the long-term, these may have limited the further development of phytoplankton populations and clear water and submerged macrophytes returned. During this latter period, internal P release has remained high (> 380 µg 1−1), thereby indicating the scope for biomanipulation even in eutrophic conditions. However, isolation of the lake has led to a decrease in water level (which through increased temperatures and lowered dissolved oxygen levels was probably responsible for the fish deaths) and further concentration of internal P load. Sediment is now being removed to reestablish greater water depth.


Shallow Lake Total Phosphorus Concentration Submerged Macrophyte Phytoplankton Population Submerged Plant 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin R. Perrow
    • 1
  • Brian Moss
    • 2
  • Julia Stansfield
    • 3
  1. 1.ECON, School of Biological SciencesUniversity of East AngliaNorwichEngland
  2. 2.Dept. of Environmental & Evolutionary BiologyUniversity of LiverpoolLiverpoolEngland
  3. 3.Biology LaboratoryNational Rivers AuthorityHaddiscoe, Gt. YarmouthEngland

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