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Ecological Impacts of Virus Insecticides: Host Range and Non-Target Organisms

  • Jenny S. Cory
Chapter
Part of the Progress in Biological Control book series (PIBC, volume 1)

Abstract

Insects are infected by a wide range of DNA and RNA viruses from at least thirteen families, with several more groups as yet unclassified (for a review see HunterFujita et al. 1998). However, in the majority of cases we know little about these viruses and representatives of only a few groups have been assessed for their insecticidal potential. The vast majority of insect viruses developed for pest control are baculoviruses, a group of occluded DNA viruses, although representatives from two other groups of occluded viruses, the entomopoxviruses (EPVs) and the cytoplasmic polyhedrosis viruses (cypoviruses or CPVs) have also been assessed for the control of specific pests. For example, the efficacy of the EPV from the migratory grasshopper, Melanoplus sanguinipes, has been investigated in field trials in the USA (Woods et al. 1992), and CPVs have been tested against the pine caterpillar Dendrolimus spectabilis in Japan (Kunimi 1998) and against the pine processionary moth, Thaumatopoea pityocampa in Europe (Grison 1960), although in none of these cases has the virus been developed past the initial stages.

Keywords

Host Range Ecological Impact Gypsy Moth Insect Virus Host Range Study 
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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2003

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  • Jenny S. Cory

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