Biocontrol Nematodes

  • Ralf-Udo Ehlers
Part of the Progress in Biological Control book series (PIBC, volume 1)


This chapter deals with entomopathogenic nematodes (EPN) of the genera Heterorhabditis and Steinernema, which are symbiotically associated with enterobacteria of the genera Photorhabdus and Xenorhabdus, respectively. Not considered is the rhabditid nematode Phasmarhabditis hermaphrodita, which is pathogenic to slugs (Deroceras spp.) when cultured on the bacteria Moraxella osloensis or a specific strain of Pseudomonas fluorescens (Wilson et al. 1995 a, b). P. hermaphrodita is used since 1995 in house gardens in Northern Europe. Data on the risk related to the use of this nematode are scarce. However, several aspects of EPN biology and ecology can also be applied to P. hermaphrodita.


Exotic Species Biocontrol Agent Symbiotic Bacterium Entomopathogenic Nematode CABI Publishing 
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