Aiming at a 1-CM Orbit for Low Earth Orbiters: Reduced-Dynamic and Kinematic Precise Orbit Determination

  • P. N. A. M. Visser
  • J. Van Den Ijssel
Part of the Space Sciences Series of ISSI book series (SSSI, volume 17)


The computation of high-accuracy orbits is a prerequisite for the success of Low Earth Orbiter (LEO) missions such as CHAME, GRACE and GOCE. The mission objectives of thcse satellites cannot he reached without computing orbits with an accuracy at the few cm level. Such a level of accuracy might be achieved with the techniques of reduced-dynamic and kinematic precise orbit determination (POD) assuming continuous Satellite-to-Satellite Tracking (SST) by the Global Positioning System (GPS), Both techniques have reached a high level of maturity and have been successfully applied to missions in the past, for example to TOPEX/POSEIDON (T/P), leading to (sub-)decimeter orbit accuracy. New LEO gravity missions are (to be) equipped with advanced GPS receivers promising to provide very high quality SST observations thereby opening the possibility for computing em-level accuracy orbits. The computation of orbits at this accuracy level does not only require high-quality GPS receivers, hut also advanced and demanding observation preprocessing and correction algorithms. Moreover, sophisticated parameter estimation schemes need to be adapted and extended to allow the computation of such orbits. Finally, reliable methods need to be employed for assessing the orbit quality and providing feedback to the different processing steps in the orbit computation process.


precise orbit determination reduced-dynamic kinematic GPS LEO 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. N. A. M. Visser
    • 1
  • J. Van Den Ijssel
    • 2
  1. 1.Delft Institute for Earth-Oriented Space ResearchDelft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Delft Institute for Earth-Oriented Space ResearchDelft University of TechnologyThe Netherlands

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