Geodetic Methods for Calibration of GRACE and GOCE
It is beyond doubt that calibration and validation are essential tools in the process of reaching the goals of gravity missions like GRACE and GOCE and to obtain results of the highest possible quality. Both tools, although general and obvious instruments for any mission, have specific features for gravity missions. Therefore, it is necessary to define exactly what is expected (and what cannot be expected) from calibration and what from validation and how these tools should work in our case. The general calibration and validation schemes for GRACE and GOCE arc outlined. Calibration will be linked directly to the instrument and the measurements whereas validation will he linked to data derived from the original measurements. Calibration includes on-ground, internal. and external calibration as well as error assessment. The calibration phase results in corrected measurements along with an a posteriori error model. Validation of e.g. calibrated measurements or geoid heights means checking against independent data to assess whether there are no systematic errors left and/or whether the error model describes the true error reasonably well. Geodetic methods for calibration typically refer lo external calibration and error assessment, and will be illustrated With an example.
KeywordsGRACE GOCE calibration validation
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