Introduction to Shells
Generally speaking, shells are spatially curved surface structures which support external applied loads. Shells are found in a variety of natural structures such as eggs, plants, leaves, skeletal bones, and geological forms. Shell structures have also been built by man since the most ancient times. Many shell domes built of masonry and stone in ancient times, are still in existence in some parts of the world.
KeywordsShell Structure Gaussian Curvature Principal Curvature Plane Curve Shell Surface
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
References for Chapter One
- 1.1M. Farshad, Structural Forms, (in Farsi), Vol. I, 1986, Vol. II, 1987, University of Shiraz Publications, Shiraz, 1973Google Scholar
- 1.2M. Farshad, Principles of Structures,(in Farsi), Dehkhoda Publishers, Teheran, 1983 1.3 - M. Salvadori and R. Heller, Structure in Architecture,Prentice-Ha11,Inc,N.J.,1963Google Scholar
- 1.3M. Salvadori and R. Heller, Structure in Architecture,Prentice-Ha11,Inc,N.J.,1963Google Scholar
- 1.5A. Hodkinson,(ed), A J Handbook of Building Structure,The Architectural Press, London,1974Google Scholar
- 1.6D. P. Billington, Thin Shell Concrete Structures, McGraw Hill Book Co.N.Y., 1965, revised edition 1982Google Scholar
- 1.7G.S. Ramaswamy, Design and construction of Concrete Shell Roofs,Mcgraw-Hill Book Co.,N.Y.,1968Google Scholar
- 1.8V.S. Kelkar and R.T. Sewell, Fundamentals of the Analysis and Design of Shell Structures,Prentice-Hall,INC.,N.J.,1987Google Scholar