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Competition for light in windbreak-millet systems in the Sahel

  • M. Mayus
  • H. van Keulen
  • L. Stroosnijder
Part of the Systems Approaches for Sustainable Agricultural Development book series (SAAD, volume 6)

Abstract

Windbreaks, although beneficial for wind erosion control, compete with crops for light, nutrients and soil water, which may affect crop yields at the tree-crop interface. A modelling approach was chosen to optimize the design of a windbreak-millet system at the ICRISAT Sahelian Centre, Niger. Soil water content, soil nutrients, radiation and millet growth were studied. An existing plant growth model was tested for millet (Pennisetum glaucum L.) during the 1993 growing season. Thereafter, the tested model was extended to evaluate the influence of shading on the production of the adjacent millet crop. The required minimum plant and soil data sets were either field determined or obtained from literature. A comparison of simulated and field data for the growing season of 1993 suggests that 50% of the reduction in dry matter production adjacent to the shelter Bauhinia rufescens is due to shading and 50% is due to below-ground competition.

Key words

millet windbreaks competition model 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Mayus
    • 1
  • H. van Keulen
    • 2
  • L. Stroosnijder
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Irrigation and Soil and Water ConservationWageningen Agricultural UniversityWageningenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.DLO-Research Institute for Agrobiological and Soil Fertility Research, and Department of Animal Husbandry, Section Animal Production SystemsWageningen Agricultural UniversityWageningenThe Netherlands

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