Festering Problems in the Upper HR Diagram

  • Anthony F. J. Moffat
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 298)


For massive stars (Mi ≳ 20M), stellar evolution is dominated by mass loss. Several problems in the evolution of massive stars have been revealed during the last decade or so. Some of the main ones are: (1) clumpy winds have reduced the estimated mass-loss rates by typically a factor of 3; (2) a discrepancy occurs between evolution-based masses and masses based on spectral analysis or Keplerian orbits for binaries; and (3) the binary frequency of Wolf-Rayet stars no longer appears to depend on ambient metallicity, as once thought. Possible solutions to these and other problems related to stellar evolution involve the effects of rotation (especially at low metallicity and when combined with high luminosity), which were not allowed for in previous evolutionary models (although still not entirely clear how to implement currently), and possibly other factors that are probably less dependent on metallicity, e.g. pulsational instabilities during the LBV stage leading to major mass-loss.


Massive stars masses winds mass-loss clumping binaries rotation 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abel, T. 2003, in IAU Symp. 212,Google Scholar
  2. Bartzakos, P., Moffat, A.F.J., Niemela, V.S. 2001, MNRAS, 324, 18ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Castor, J.I., Abbott, D.C., Klein, R.I. 1975, ApJ, 195, 157ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Foellmi, C., Moffat, A.F.J., Guerrero, M. 2003a, b, MNRAS, in pressGoogle Scholar
  5. Fryer, C.L. 2003, in IAU Symp. 212,Google Scholar
  6. Gies, D.R. 2003, in IAU Symp. 212,Google Scholar
  7. Herrero, A., Kudritzki, R.-P., Vilchez, J.M., Kunze, D., Buttler, K., Haser, S. 1992, A&A, 261, 209ADSGoogle Scholar
  8. Herrero, A. 2003, in IAU Symp. 212,Google Scholar
  9. Kudritzki, R.-P. 2003, in IAU Symp. 212,Google Scholar
  10. Langer, N. 1995, Leben und Sterben der Sterne (Verlag C.H. Beck, Munich), p.70Google Scholar
  11. Lépine, S., Moffat, A.F.J., St-Louis, N., Marchenko, S.V., Dalton, M.J., Crowther, P.A., Smith, L.J., Willis, A.J., Antokhin, I.I., Tovmassian, G.H. 2000, AJ, 120, 3201ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Maeder, A., Meynet, G. 1994, A&A, 287, 803ADSGoogle Scholar
  13. Maeder, A., Meynet, G. 2000, ARA&A, 38, 143ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Massey, P. & Duffy, A.S. 2001, ApJ, 550, 713ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Meynet, G., Maeder, A. 2002, A&A, 381, L25ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Moffat, A.F.J., Drissen, L., Lamontagne, R., Robert, C. 1988, ApJ, 334, 1038ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Moffat, A.F.J. & Lépine, S. 2000, ASPC, 204, 15ADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anthony F. J. Moffat
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Département de physiqueUniversité de MontréalCentre-VilleCanada
  2. 2.Observatoire du mont MéganticCanada

Personalised recommendations