Revolution Principles, IUS Naturae and IUS Gentium in Early-Enlightenment Scotland: The Contribution of Sir Francis Grant, Lord Cullen (C. 1660–1726)

  • Clare Jackson
Part of the Archives Internationales d’Histoire des Idées / International Archives of the History of Ideas book series (ARCH, volume 186)


In the early months of 1689 a tract was published in Edinburgh entitled The Loyalists Reasons. For his giving Obedience, and swearing Allegiance to the Present Government. Its author was Francis Grant, a young and aspiring advocate who had recently returned to Scotland after completing his legal education in the Netherlands. Drawing on the ius gentium tradition developed by the Dutch political theorist, Hugo Grotius, Grant defended William’s title to the Scottish throne on account of his being a rightful conqueror in a just international war. Providing the clearest and most extensive justification of the Williamite Revolution in Scotland, Grant’s treatise has not only been overlooked by historians, but its content also severely undermines historiographical tendencies to denigrate the “poverty of political theory in the Scottish Revolution of 1688–90”.1


Eighteenth Century Legal Education Union Debate Glorious Revolution Minute Book 
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  • Clare Jackson

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