Advertisement

Asia, Africa and Australia

  • Augustín Udías
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 286)

Abstract

In 1865 a rudimentary meteorological station was established at the Ateneo de Manila, founded by Spanish Jesuits in 1860. In 1869 modern meteorological instruments were installed and in 1870 the first seismographs. From 1878, with Faura as director, the observatory developed sections of meteorology, magnetism, seismology and astronomy. The study and forecast of typhoons was begun in 1879 and became the main work of the observatory. In 1884 the observatory acquired official character as the headquarters of the Servicio Meteorológico de Filipinas, created by the Spanish Government. This service consisted of the observatory and of 10 secondary stations. In 1885 the observatory assumed the time-keeping service. A new building was inaugurated in 1886 and new meteorological, magnetic and seismological equipment was installed. Between 1890 and 1893 the first magnetic field survey in the Philippines was carried out. In 1891 the seismological section was reorganized with new equipment and in 1897 an astronomical section was added. In 1901 the United States administration recognized the work of the observatory and made it the headquarters of the new Philippine Weather Bureau appointing Algué Director. The Philippine Weather Bureau consisted of 9 first class stations, 25 second class and 17 third class. In 1902 new seismographs were installed in Manila, in 1909 a meteorological and seismological station in Baguio and in 1911 another seismographic station in Ambulong. Other stations were installed in Guam in 1914 and Butuam in 1915.

Keywords

Solar Physic Story Building Solar Telescope Geophysical Observatory Quezon City 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. R. Cirera and M. Juan, 1863. El magnetismo terrestre en Filipinas. Chofré y Cia. Manila, 42 pp.Google Scholar
  2. Anonymous, 1883. Observatorio Meteorológico de Manila bajo la dirección de los PP. de la Companía de Jesús. Instrumentos de observación. Manila.Google Scholar
  3. Anonymous, 1890. Observatorio Meteorológico de Manila bajo la dirección de los PP de la Companía de Jesús. Manila.Google Scholar
  4. M. Saderra-Masó, 1895. La Sismologia en Filipinas. Cap. 1, Resena histórica del Servicio Seismologico establecido en el Observatorio de Manila. Manila. 2–16.Google Scholar
  5. Anonymous, 1899. El Servicio Meteorológico del Observatorio de Manila, vindicado y rehabilitado (1899). Imprenta del Observatorio, Manila.Google Scholar
  6. Anonymous, 1900. El Archipiélago Filipino. Tomo H, Cap. 1. El Observatorio Meteorológico de Manila. Imprenta del Gobierno, Washington, 5–17.Google Scholar
  7. J. Coronas, 1900. Climatología de Filipinas. In El Archipiélago Filipino, Government Printing Office, Washington, vol. 2, 1–265.Google Scholar
  8. J. Algué, 1900. The Manila Observatory. National Geographic Magazine 11, 427–438.Google Scholar
  9. J. Coronas, 1905. El observatorio de Manila en la Exposición de San Luis. Razón y Fe 11, 67–77.Google Scholar
  10. P. de Vregille, 1906. Les Observatoires de la Compagnie de Jésus au début de XXe siècle. Rev. des Questions Scientifiques. 59, 426–582 (471–488).Google Scholar
  11. R. E. Brown, 1906. The Hong-Kong typhoon and the Jesuit observatories. The Month 108, 561–570.Google Scholar
  12. J. Algué, 1909. Mirador Observatory, Baguio, Benguet. Bureau of Printing, Manila, 11 pp.Google Scholar
  13. M. Saderra-Masó, 1915. Historia del Observatorio de Manila. E.C. McCullough, Manila, 210 pp.Google Scholar
  14. P. Pastells, 1916, 1917. Misión de la Compania de Jesús de Filipinas en el siglo XIX. Ed. Barcelonesa, Barcelona, 3 vols, 1519 pp. (Vol.I, Cap. 18; VOl.II, Cap. 6 and 14; Vol.III, Cap.8 and 18)Google Scholar
  15. M. Saavedra Maso, 1924. Misiones Jesuíticas de Filipinas. 1581–1768 y 1859–1924. Cap. 13. El Observatorio de Manila. Universidad de Santo Tomas, Manila, 110 pp.Google Scholar
  16. M. Selga, 1929. The publications of the Observatory of Manila. Bureau of Printing, Manila. 21 pp.Google Scholar
  17. C.E. Deppermann, 1931. The astronomical division of the Manila Observatory. Bull. Am. Ass. Jesuit Scientists 8, 10–13.Google Scholar
  18. W.C. Repetti, 1946. Seventy years of seismology in the Manila Observatory. Trans. Am. Geophys. Union 27, 15–18.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. M. Selga, 1947. La agonia del Observatorio de Manila. Ibérica 115, 403–407.Google Scholar
  20. M. Selga, 1947. Las visitas al Observatorio de Manila durante el periodo 8 Diciembre 1941 a 1 Julio 1943. Ibérica 116, 13–16.Google Scholar
  21. M. Selga, 1947. La labor del Observatorio de Manila durante el periodo 8 Diciembre a 1 Julio 1943. Ibérica 119, 119–124.Google Scholar
  22. M. Selga, 1947. El Observatorio de Manila durante el periodo 1 Julio 1943–21 Septiembre 1944. Ibérica 121, 180–184Google Scholar
  23. M. Selga, 1947. Destrucción del Observatorio de Manila. Ibérica 123, 259–263.Google Scholar
  24. M. Selga, 1947. Servicio sismico y magnético del Observatorio de Manila. Ibérica, 126, 373–375.Google Scholar
  25. W. C. Repetti, 1948. The Manila Observatory. Washington D.C. 43 pp.Google Scholar
  26. Charles E. Deppermann, 1953. The Manila Observatory rises again. Philippine Studies 1, 31–41.Google Scholar
  27. James J. Hennesseys, 1960. The Manila Observatory. Philippine Studies 8, 99–120.Google Scholar
  28. John N. Schumacher, 1965. One hundred years of Jesuit scientists: The Manila Observatory 1865–1965. Philippine Studies 13, 258–286.Google Scholar
  29. Anonymous, 1966. Manila Observatory. Geophysical Basic Research. Manila Observatory, 14 pp.Google Scholar
  30. R. A. Miller, 1968. Solar Astronomy at Manila Observatory. Sky and Telescope, 36, 154–155.ADSGoogle Scholar
  31. A. Hidalgo and V. Badillo, 1980. Catalogue of the publications of the Manila Observatory personnel. Manila Observatory, 100 pp.Google Scholar
  32. Sergio S. Su, 1988. Historical seismograms of the Manila Observatory. In W. K. Lee, H. Meyers, K. Shimazaki (eds.) Historical seismograms and earthquakes of the world. Academic Press, San Diego, 490–496.Google Scholar
  33. R. Meldola, 1875. Solar observation in India. Nature 12, 400.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. V. de Campigneulles, 1899. Observations taken at Dumraon, Behar, India during the eclipse of on the 22n d January 1998 by a party of Jesuit Fathers of the Western Bengal Mission. Longmans, Green and Co. BombayGoogle Scholar
  35. P. de Vregille, 1906. Les observatoires de la Compagnie de Jésus au début du XXe siêcle. Rev. des Questions Scientifiques 59 (3a série, tome 9) 10–72, 493579.Google Scholar
  36. A. Verstraeten, 1992. St. Xavier’s Astronomical and meteorological observatory. Manuscrito, 2 pp.Google Scholar
  37. I. Chinnici, 1996. An “Italian” observatory in India: The history of the Calcutta Observatory. Studies in History of Medicine and Science 14, (1–21)Google Scholar
  38. M. Dechevrens, 1888. L’Observatoire de Zikawei, fondé et dirigé par les missionaires de la Compagnie de Jésus, mission du Kiangnan. Etudes 43, 262–279Google Scholar
  39. P. de Vregille, 1906. Les observatoires de la Compagnie de Jésus au début de XXe siècle. Rev. des Questions Scientifiques 59, 10–72, 493–579.Google Scholar
  40. R. E. Brown, 1906. The Hong-Kong typhoon and the Jesuit observatories. The Month 108, 561–570.Google Scholar
  41. J. de Moidrey, 1909. L’Observatoire magnétique de Zi-ka-wei. Terrestrial Magnetism and Atmospheric Electricity 14, 1–2.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. H. Gauthier, 1919. L’Observatoire de Zi-ka-wei. Relation de Chine, Jan-Au, 213.Google Scholar
  43. J. Bruhnes, 1924. Les travaux des Jésuites à l’Observatoire de Zi-Ka-Wei, pres Chang-hai (Chine). Rev. d’Histoire de Missions 1, 26–38.Google Scholar
  44. P. Lejay, 1925. Trois Observatoires de mission. Etudes 182, 594–602.Google Scholar
  45. R. Cirera, 1925. Principales observatorios de la Companía de Jesús en las misiones. Ibérica 24, 41–44, 72–77.Google Scholar
  46. P. Lejay, 1927. Observatoire de Zi ka wei. Situation actuelle — Avenir. (manuscript, Archive Province France S. J., APFSJ ) 19 pp.Google Scholar
  47. F. Canet, 1929. Le haut apostolat intellectuel en pays de Mission. La science en Chine: La determination des longitudes. ( manuscript, APFSJ ) 9 pp.Google Scholar
  48. Anonymous, 1930. L’Observatoire de Zi-ka-wei. Cinquante ans de travail scientifique. Imp. d’Art G. Boüan, Paris.Google Scholar
  49. L. Froc, 1930. Code de Zi-ka-wei.- Historique. Conf. des Direct. des Service Météor. d’ Extréme-Oriente, Conference des Directeurs des Services Météorologiques d’Extrême Orient, Hong-kong. 1–4.Google Scholar
  50. M. Burgaud and E. Gherzi, 1931. Annonce des typhons dans les mers de Chine par l’Observatoire de Zi-ka-wei. Jour. de la Marine Merchande. No. 645 (13 Août 1931) 1916–1918.Google Scholar
  51. Anonymous, 1935. Observatoires de Shanghai. Chez nos savant. (based on letters by Gherzi, Burgaud and Lejay) Relations de Chine (Juill-Sept 1935 ) 165–174.Google Scholar
  52. P. Lejay, 1939. Travaux executés a l’Observatoire de Zi-ka-wei de 1933 à 1939.(manuscript, APFSJ), 10 pp.Google Scholar
  53. F. Maze, 1950. The Jesuits in China. Their scientific work. Bull. Am. Ass. Jesuit Scientists 27, 143–152. Also in Far Eastern Economic Review, 8, 16, 503–505.Google Scholar
  54. E. Gherzi, 1950. The scientific work of the Catholic Church at the Zikawei Observatory in Shanghai. Boletim Inst. Portugues de Hongkong, 3, 45–57.Google Scholar
  55. E. Gherzi, 1973. Un jesuite meteorologist en Chine. Le Rev Père Ernesto Gherzi S.J. par lui meme. (manuscript, ASJCF-St. Jerome )Google Scholar
  56. J. Dehergne, 1976. Zi-ka-wei l’Observatoire des cyclones. Météorologie 4, 179–188.Google Scholar
  57. L. Pyenson, 1990. Habits of mind. Geophysics at Shanghai and Algiers, 19201940. Historical Studies in the Phys. and Biol. Scien. 21, 161–196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. L. Pyenson, 1993. Civilizing Mission: Exact sciences and French overseas expansion, 1830–1940. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.Google Scholar
  59. L. Menyhart, 1895. Del Afrikâban tett meteorologiai megfigyelésének eredményeiröl (kiv). Akademiai Ertesitö 6, 644–645.Google Scholar
  60. G. Fenyi, 1896. Meteorologische Beobachtungen angestellt zu Baroma in Süd Afrika von L. Menyhart. Pub. Haynald Observatoriums, Kalocsa 7, 76 pp.Google Scholar
  61. G. Fenyi, 1905. Meteorologische Beobachtungen angestellt von Ladislau Menyhart, S.J. zu Baroma und Zumbo in Süd Afrika in den Jahren 18932–1897. Pub. Haynald Observatoriums, Kalocsa 9, 94 pp.Google Scholar
  62. J. Fenyi, 1912. Ergebnisse der Beobachtungen der Temperatur un des Luftdruckes in Borona (Südafrika). Kaiserl. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien. Mathem. Naturw. Bd. 121, 2, 2063–2075.Google Scholar
  63. G. M. Imre, 1986. A Kalocsai Haynald Obszervatörium Története. Orszargos Müszaki Informâcios K. K, Budapest, 72–75.Google Scholar
  64. E. Colin, 1890. Ambohidempona Observatoire Royal de Tananarive. Cosmos (Revue des Sciences) 39, 320–323.Google Scholar
  65. E. Colin, 1894. L’Observatoire de Tananarive. Etudes 62, 642–660.Google Scholar
  66. E. Colin, 1897. L’Observatoire Français de Madagascar. I Pendant la guerre. II Aprés la guerre. Etudes 71, 308–331.Google Scholar
  67. E. Colin, 1900. Mon second observatoire à Madagascar. Etudes 85, 213–226.Google Scholar
  68. P. de Vregille, 1906. Les observatoires de la Compagnie de Jésus au début du XXe siêcle. Rev. des Questions Scientifiques 59 (3a série, tome 9) 10–72, 493579.Google Scholar
  69. C. Poisson, 1925. L’Observatoire de Tananarive. Editions Spes, Paris, 77 pp.Google Scholar
  70. E. Colin, 1909. L’Observatoire de Tananarive. Isle Maurice, Imp.à l’usage priv.Google Scholar
  71. R. Cirera, 1925. Principales observatorios de la Companía de Jesus en las misiones. Ibérica 24, 41–44; 72–77.Google Scholar
  72. P. Lejay, 1925. Trois observatoires de Mission. Etudes 182, 594–602.Google Scholar
  73. C. Poisson, 1930. L’Observatoire de Tananarive et ses travaux. Imp Moderne de l’Emyrne, Tananarive, 38 pp.Google Scholar
  74. C. Poisson, 1939. Le cinquantenaire de l’Observatoire de Tananarive. Etudes 240, 376–380.Google Scholar
  75. C. Poisson, 1939. Un cinquantenaire, l’Observatoire d’Abohidempona à Tananarive, Madagascar, 1889–1939. Editions Dillen, Paris. 158 ppGoogle Scholar
  76. C. Poisson, 1945. L’Observatoire à. la Croisée des Chemins.(manuscript, APFSJ) 6 pp.Google Scholar
  77. J. Coze, 1956. Note sur l’Observatoire de Tananarive, (manuscript, APFSJ) 3 PP.Google Scholar
  78. Anonymous, 1903. Astronomical Observatory for Bulawayo. Bulawayo Observer (March 21st).Google Scholar
  79. Anonymous, 1903. Astronomical Observatory for Bulawayo. Zambesi Mission Record 2, 257–258.Google Scholar
  80. E. Goetz, 1903. Our Bulawayo Observatory. Zambesi Mission Record 2, 297–298.Google Scholar
  81. P. de Vregille, 1906. Les observatoires de la Compagnie de Jésus au début du XXe siècle. Rev. des Questions Scientifiques 59 (3a série, tome 9) 10–72, 493–579.Google Scholar
  82. Anonymous, 1908. Organizing knowledge (a report on Fr. Goetz’s work on climatology). The Bulawayo Chronicle (May 29, 1908 ).Google Scholar
  83. W.F. Rea, 1976. The beginnings of the Goetz Observatory. Rhodesiana 35, 24–32.Google Scholar
  84. V. L. Bosazza, 1977. Father Goetz and the Goetz Observatory. Rhodesiana, 36, 34.Google Scholar
  85. J. Dach and W.F. Rea, 1979. The Catholic Churh and Zimbabwe, 1879–1979. Mambo Press, Gweb. 126–127.Google Scholar
  86. C. Combier, 1936. Etat actuel d l’Observatoire de Ksara. Equipement, travaux, publications. ( manuscript, APFSI ) 4 pp.Google Scholar
  87. C. Combier, 1933. La climatologie de la Syrie et du Liban. Rev. de Geogr. Phys. et Geol. Dyn., 6, 320–346.Google Scholar
  88. C. Combier, 1945. Les Climats de la Syrie et du Liban. Beyruth. Atlas Climatique du Liban, Tome I-IV. Service Meteorologique du Liban, Beyruth, 1977.Google Scholar
  89. J. Plassard y B. Kogoj, 1981. Etude de la séismicité du Liban. CNRS Libanais. J. Rey, 1951. Carte pluviométrique du Liban au 1/200000. Publ. Obs. Ksara.Google Scholar
  90. P. Stahl y J. Plassard, 1959. Carte gravimétrique du Liban au 1/200000. Beyruth.Google Scholar
  91. B. Berloty, 1912. L’Observatoire de Ksara (Liban). Ciel et Terre 23, 103–108; 129–136.Google Scholar
  92. B. Berloty, 1924, 1927. Notice historique sur l’observatoire fond, en Syrie par le pères de la compagnie de Jésus. Annales de l’Observatoire de Ksara, Memoires, Tome I, Liban, I-X, 79 pp.Google Scholar
  93. P. Lejay, 1925. Trois Observatoires de Mission. Etudes 182, 594–602.Google Scholar
  94. R. Cirera, 1925. Principales observatorios de la Companía de Jestis en las misiones. Ibérica 24, 41–44, 72–77.Google Scholar
  95. J. Dufay, 1932. L’observatoire de Ksara et le Service Météorologique en Syrie. Revue Scientifique (Revue Rose) anne 70, No. 3, 65–68.Google Scholar
  96. J. Plassard, 1952. Etat actuel de l’Observatoire de Ksara. Equipement, travaux et publications (manuscript, APFSI ) 6 pp.Google Scholar
  97. J. Plassard, 1995. Histoire de l’Observatoire de Ksara. (manuscript, Archives de Province du Liban S.J., APLSI) 64 pp..Google Scholar
  98. H. Doyle and R.Underwood, 1965. Seismological Stations in Australia. The Australian Journal of Science 28, 40–43.Google Scholar
  99. L. A. Drake, 1980. Riverview Observatory. En: C. Fraser and E.L.Scarlett (eds.) St. Ignatius Centennial 1880–1980.0’Loughlin Bros, Lewisham, NSW. 210–214.Google Scholar
  100. P. Gouin, 1959. Magnetic Activity at Addis Ababa (January-June 1958). Bull. Geophysical Observatory, University College of Addis Ababa, 1, 5–15.Google Scholar
  101. P. Gouin, 1994. Geophysical Observatory at the University of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. ( Manuscript ) 9 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Augustín Udías
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Geophysics and MeteorologyUniversidad ComplutenseMadridSpain

Personalised recommendations