Asia, Africa and Australia

  • Augustín Udías
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 286)


In 1865 a rudimentary meteorological station was established at the Ateneo de Manila, founded by Spanish Jesuits in 1860. In 1869 modern meteorological instruments were installed and in 1870 the first seismographs. From 1878, with Faura as director, the observatory developed sections of meteorology, magnetism, seismology and astronomy. The study and forecast of typhoons was begun in 1879 and became the main work of the observatory. In 1884 the observatory acquired official character as the headquarters of the Servicio Meteorológico de Filipinas, created by the Spanish Government. This service consisted of the observatory and of 10 secondary stations. In 1885 the observatory assumed the time-keeping service. A new building was inaugurated in 1886 and new meteorological, magnetic and seismological equipment was installed. Between 1890 and 1893 the first magnetic field survey in the Philippines was carried out. In 1891 the seismological section was reorganized with new equipment and in 1897 an astronomical section was added. In 1901 the United States administration recognized the work of the observatory and made it the headquarters of the new Philippine Weather Bureau appointing Algué Director. The Philippine Weather Bureau consisted of 9 first class stations, 25 second class and 17 third class. In 1902 new seismographs were installed in Manila, in 1909 a meteorological and seismological station in Baguio and in 1911 another seismographic station in Ambulong. Other stations were installed in Guam in 1914 and Butuam in 1915.


Solar Physic Story Building Solar Telescope Geophysical Observatory Quezon City 
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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Augustín Udías
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Geophysics and MeteorologyUniversidad ComplutenseMadridSpain

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