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What is “Logical” in Husserl’s Logical Investigations? The Copenhagen Interpretation

  • David Woodruf Smith
Chapter
Part of the Phaenomenologica book series (PHAE, volume 164)

Abstract

In Wim Wenders’s 1987 film Himmel Über Berlin (Wings of Desire in the English subtitle version), an angel moves silently among mortals, listening to their thoughts as they read in the Berlin public library. In this spirit, assume that Husserl is listening to our readings today of his Logical Investigations (1900–01).1

Keywords

Ideal Species Logical Investigation Formal Semantic Intentional Content Ideal Content 
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References

  1. 1.
    I shall quote from J. N. Findlay’s 1970 English translation, Logical Investigations (Volumes One and Two), of the German edition which combines the first edition of 1900–01 with revisions in the second edition of 1913 and revisions of the Sixth Investigation in the edition of 1920.Google Scholar
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    See in particular D. Willard, Logic and the Objectivity of Knowledge: A Study of Husserl’s Early Philosophy, Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 1984; J.N. Mohanty, “The development of Husserl’s thought.” (In B. Smith and D. W. Smith (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Husserl, Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995); and C. O. Hill and G. E Rosado Haddock (eds.), Husserl or Frege? Meaning, Objectivity, and Mathematics, Chicago and La Salle: Open Court, Cams Publishing Company, 2000.Google Scholar
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    B. Smith, “Logic and Formal Ontology”, in J. N. Mohanty and W. McKenna (eds.), Husserl’s Phenomenology: A Textbook,Lanham: University Press of America, 1989, 29–67, aptly discusses many of the issues to follow. However, I want to stress how three distinct disciplines are related: formal logic, formal ontology, and (if you will, formal) phenomenology.Google Scholar
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    See E. Husserl, Early Writings in the Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics. Translated by D. Willard, Dordrecht and Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1994. Original German texts here gathered, from 1890–1901; and the essays in C. O. Hill and G. E. Rosado Haddock, Husserl or Frege?,on the connections and differences between Husserl, Cantor, Frege, and others in late 19th century foundations of mathematics.Google Scholar
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    Extending Husserlian part/whole theory, P. Simons, Parts,Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987, pursues nonextensional mereology, which contrasts with set theory and with extensional mereology (where wholes are treated extensionally, rather like sets without braces). See also K. Fine, “Part-whole”, in B. Smith and D. W. Smith (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Husserl. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995, reflecting on Husserl’s part-whole theory.Google Scholar
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    See D. W. Smith and R. Mcintyre, Husserl and Intentionality: A Study of Mind, Meaning, and Language, Dordrect: D. Reidel Publishing Company, 1982. Now from Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht and Boston, Chapter V on horizon. The horizon of an experience includes only “motivated” possibilities, those with appropriate probability given what is prescribed by the content or noema of the experience.Google Scholar
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    For an illuminating assessment of Husserl’s ideal of a theory of manifolds, see C. O. Hill, “Husserl’s Mannigfaltigkeitslehre”,in C. O. Hill and G.E. Rosado Haddock, Husserl or Frege? Google Scholar
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    Husserl later used ’Mannigfaltigkeit’ for a more special purpose when launching his notion of “horizon”. See D. W. Smith and R. Mcintyre, Husserl and Intentionality,Chapter V.Google Scholar
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    R. Tieszen and P. Martin-La have both made this observation to me in discussion.Google Scholar
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    See P. Simons, Parts,distinguishing Husserlian part theory from extensional mereology, the latter akin to extensional set theory.Google Scholar
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    For details see my reconstruction of Husserl’s ontology in D. W. Smith, “Mind and body”, in B. Smith and D. W. Smith (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Husserl,Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995; and D.W. Smith, “`Pure’ Logic, Ontology, and Phenomenology”, in Revue internationale de philosophie,2001, issue edited by D. Fellesdal.Google Scholar
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    See A. Tarski, “The Concept of Truth in Formalized Languages”, in A. Tarski, Logic, Semantics, Metamathematics,Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1956. Second edition. Indianapolis: Hacket, 1983. Essay originally published in Polish, 1933; in German translation, 1936; and “The Semantic Conception of Truth”, in L. Linsky (ed.), Semantics and the Philosophy of Language. Urbana: The University of Illinois Press, 1952, 1964. Original, 1944, in Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 4.Google Scholar
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    The details are reconstructed in D.W. Smith and R. Mcintyre, Husserl and Intentionality. What is new here is the way in which that analysis fits into the overall system of Husserl’s Logical Investigations.Google Scholar
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    This is especially clear in the case of indexical forms of awareness. See D.W. Smith, The Circle of Acquaintance: Perception, Consciousness, and Empathy, Boston and Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1989.Google Scholar
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    See the Introduction to D. W. Smith, The Circle of Acquaintance.Google Scholar
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    Many of the issues here discussed come together in the logic, ontology, and phenomenology of self-awareness. See two complementary recent studies: D. W. Smith, The Circle of Acquaintance, and D. Zahavi, Self-Awareness and Alterity: A Phenomenological Investigation, Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1999. Where the former analyzes the formal structure of self-awareness (and other types of acquaintance, or “intuition”), the latter analyzes the material structures of the same intentional phenomena.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Woodruf Smith
    • 1
  1. 1.University of CaliforniaIrvineUSA

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