Life in Ballast Tanks

  • Stephan Gollasch
  • Elspeth Macdonald
  • Sara Belson
  • Helge Botnen
  • Jens T. Christensen
  • John P. Hamer
  • Guy Houvenaghel
  • Anders Jelmert
  • Ian Lucas
  • Daniel Masson
  • Tracy McCollin
  • Sergej Olenin
  • Agneta Persson
  • Inger Wallentinus
  • Lambertus P. M. J. Wetsteyn
  • Thomas Wittling
Chapter

Abstract

The abundance and diversity of species in ballast water, a recognised vector for the accidental introduction of nonindigenous organisms, has been examined through many studies around the world over the last 25 years. The results of European research activities are summarised in this contribution by outlining the objectives of some of these studies, and by focusing on the diversity of taxa determined from ballast water and tank sediment samples. In total 1508 samples (1219 ballast water, 289 tank sediment) were collected on 550 ships. A total of 990 taxa were identified during the 14 European shipping studies. The diversity of species found included bacteria, fungi, protozoans, algae, invertebrates of different life stages including resting stages, and fishes with a body length up to 15 cm. Crustacean, molluscan and polychaete invertebrates and algae form the majority of species found.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephan Gollasch
    • 1
  • Elspeth Macdonald
    • 2
  • Sara Belson
    • 3
  • Helge Botnen
    • 4
  • Jens T. Christensen
    • 5
  • John P. Hamer
    • 6
  • Guy Houvenaghel
    • 7
  • Anders Jelmert
    • 8
  • Ian Lucas
    • 6
  • Daniel Masson
    • 9
  • Tracy McCollin
    • 10
  • Sergej Olenin
    • 11
  • Agneta Persson
    • 12
  • Inger Wallentinus
    • 12
  • Lambertus P. M. J. Wetsteyn
    • 13
  • Thomas Wittling
    • 14
  1. 1.GoConsultHamburgGermany
  2. 2.Food Standards AgencyAberdeenScotland
  3. 3.Maritime Research CentreSouthampton InstituteSouthamptonUK
  4. 4.Section of Applied Environmental Research, High Technology CentreUNIFOBNorway
  5. 5.Dept. of Marine Ecology, Institute of Biological SciencesUniversity of AarhusAarhus CDenmark
  6. 6.School of Ocean SciencesUniversity of Wales, BangorMenai Bridge, AngleseyUK
  7. 7.Université Libre de BruxellesBrusselsBelgium
  8. 8.Austevoll Aquaculture Research StationInstitute of Marine ResearchStorebøNorway
  9. 9.Station de La TrembaldeIFREMERFrance
  10. 10.FRS Marine LaboratoryAberdeenUK
  11. 11.Coastal Research and Planning InstituteKlaipeda UniversityLithuania
  12. 12.Department of Marine BotanyGöteborg UniversityGöteborgSweden
  13. 13.National Institute for Coastal and Marine ManagementMiddelburgThe Netherlands
  14. 14.Institut für Hydrobiologie und FischereiwissenschaftUniversität HamburgHamburgGermany

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