European Astronomy in Indo-Persian Writings

  • S. M. Razaullah Ansari
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 275)


After the fall of the Mughal empire, when the first war of independence against British colonizers failed in 1857, the East India Company’s management was transferred to the British Crown in 1858. The period from 1858 to 1947 is known as the British Period of Indian History. It should be noted that only in 1910, a Department of Education was established by the British Government of India and in the following decades modern universities were established in various important Indian towns, wherein the West European type of the education and training with English as the medium of instruction were imparted. However, more than a century before, Indian scholars came into contact with the scholar— administrators of the East India Company (EICo), either through employment or social interaction. Thereby, Indians became acquainted with the scientific (and also technological) advances in Europe. A few of them had already visited England and other European countries, Portugal, France etc. in the last quarter of 18th century, in order to experience and to learn first hand about European sciences in general.


Elliptical Orbit European Science Minor Planet East India Company European Scholar 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. cAbdul Ḥayyī, Sayyid, Islāāmī Ulūm wa Funūn Hindustān Mein, Urdu translation of Al-Thaqāfatul Islāmiyafī al-Hind, by cAbul cIrfān Nadwi, Azamgarh, 1969.Google Scholar
  2. Abū Tālib, Mirzā, Masīr-i Tālibīīī Bilād-i Afranji, (An account of a Journey to Europe), Urdu translation of the Persian text by Sarvat Ali (Urdu Promotion Board), New Delhi, 1984.Google Scholar
  3. Ansari, S. M. Razaullah (1985a), The Observatories Movement in India during the 17th–18th Centuries, Vistas in Astronomy, Vol. 28, pp. 379–385.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ansari, S. M. Razaullah (1985b), Introduction of Modern Astronomy in India during 18 th –19 th Centuries, IHMMR, Hamdard Nagar, New Delhi, 81 pp.Google Scholar
  5. Ansari, S. M. Razaullah (1987/92), Modern Astronomy in Indo-Persian Sources, in Transfer of Modern Science & Technology to the Muslim World (Proceedings of the International Symposium, held on Sept. 2–4, 1987), Editor: Ekmeleddin ihsanoglu, Istanbul 1992, pp. 121–144.Google Scholar
  6. Ansari, S. M. Razaullah (1994), Modern Scientific Method in the Works of Ibn al-Haytham, in Fakhruddin Ali Ahmad Memorial Volume, edited by Nazir Ahmad and Asloob Ahmed Ansari (Ghalib Institute, New Delhi), pp. 248–271.Google Scholar
  7. Ansari, S. M. Razaullah (1995/96), The Indian Astronomer Ghulām Hussain Jaunpūrī and his Zij-i Bahādurkhāni, Studies in History of Med. & Science (New Delhi), Vol. XIV, No. 1–2, New Series. pp. 181–1 88Google Scholar
  8. Barkātī, Mahmud Ahmad (1975), Mir Muhammad Hussain Landani (in Urdu), Al—cIlm (Karachi), No. 1 (Jan.— March), pp. 64–78.Google Scholar
  9. Beale, T. W. (1971), An Oriental Biographical Dictionary, new edition by H. G. Kenne, reprint of the last edition (London 1894) by Manohar Reprints (Delhi).Google Scholar
  10. Goldstein, B. R. (1969), Some Medieval Reports of Venus and Mercury Transits, Centaurus, Vol. 14, pp. 49–59.MathSciNetADSzbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hamdānī, Hussain Macsūmi (1984), Risālah dar Athbāt-i Hay’at-i Jadidah by Abu Tālib, Majallah Macārif (Tehran), Series 1, No. 2, pp. 117–185.Google Scholar
  12. Herrmann, D. B. (1975), Geschichte der Astronomie, von Herschel bis Hertzsprung, VEB Deutscher Verlag der Wissenschaften, Berlin.zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  13. Mason, S. F. (1961), History of Science (London 1953), German translation by K. M. Meyer-Abich (Alfred Kroener Verlag), Stuttgart.Google Scholar
  14. Rahmān cAlī Tadhkirah Ulamā’-i Hind, Urdu translation by Muhammad Ayyūb Qādrī, Pakistan Historical Society, Karachi, 1961.Google Scholar
  15. Salim, Syed Mohammad (1993), Maghrabī Zubānon ke Māhir c Ulamā’ (before the establishment of Aligarh College), in Urdu, Lahore, 1993.Google Scholar
  16. Sayili, Aydin (1958), Islam and the Rise of Seventeenth Century Science, Belleten (Ankara), Vol. 22, No. 87, July issue, pp. 353–368.Google Scholar
  17. Schramm, Mathias (1963), Ibn al-Haythams Weg zur Physik, Franz Steiner Verlag, Wiesbaden.Google Scholar
  18. Storey, C. A. (1972), Persian Literature: A Bio-bibliographical Survey, Vol. I, Part 2; Vol. II, Part 1 (on Mathematics, Weights and Measures, Astronomy and Astrology, Geography), London, Luzac & Co. Reprint, first printed in 1958.Google Scholar
  19. Swerdlow, N. M. and Neugebauer, O. (1984), Mathematical Astronomy in Copernicus’s De Revolutionibus, Part 1, Springer Verlag, New York.zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. M. Razaullah Ansari
    • 1
  1. 1.Aligarh Muslim UniversityIndia

Personalised recommendations