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The Responses of Plants to Pathogens

  • David B. Collinge
  • Jonas Borch
  • Kenneth Madriz-Ordeñana
  • Mari-Anne Newman
Chapter
Part of the Springer Handbook Series of Plant Ecophysiology book series (KLEC, volume 1)

Abstract

Some of the most serious and universal challenges faced by plants come from pathogenic microorganisms. These represent highly diverse types of organisms ranging from viruses, bacteria, Oomycetes, protozoa and fungi sensu stricto (ascomycetes, basidiomycetes), see Agrios (1997), for an overview. In addition, aphids and nematodes often induce similar responses in the plant as microorganisms. Plants have responded to this onslaught by evolving a plethora of defence mechanisms. These represent visible physical attributes and inducible alterations in the structure of exposed organs and tissues as well as the more cryptic production of chemicals and proteins which can damage or inhibit the development of the pathogen (see table 1). The defence mechanisms can be induced following the perception of the pathogen, and/or constitutively present in the host (figure 1). Recent advances in molecular techniques have led to an increased understanding of the regulation of the defence mechanisms and the role of different signal transduction pathways in their regulation. The knowledge gained has also led to the demonstration that manipulation (addition, alteration in regulation or removal by antisense technology) of a single defence factor in a plant can alter the outcome of the interaction, for example, resulting in reduced levels of infection by a pathogen (see Cornelissen and Schram, 2000).

Keywords

Salicylic Acid Defence Response Powdery Mildew Hypersensitive Response Active Oxygen Species 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • David B. Collinge
    • 1
  • Jonas Borch
    • 1
  • Kenneth Madriz-Ordeñana
    • 2
  • Mari-Anne Newman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant BiologyRoyal Veterinary and Agricultural University1871-Frederiksberg CDenmark
  2. 2.Centro de Investigación en Biología Celular y Molecular (CIBCM)Universidad de Costa Rica San JoséCosta Rica

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