Solar Cosmic Rays in the Geosphere

  • Leonty I. Miroshnichenko
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 260)


As well-known, during solar flares in terrestrial environments the very complex events and processes occur. They are due to the entire spectrum of solar ionizing radiation, including ultra-violet emission, X-rays and fast particle fluxes. In particular, there are some observational evidence of radio burst generation at ionospheric levels in the ultra-short wave range, at the frequency of 550 ± 40 MHz (e.g., Musatenko, 1980). Mechanism(s) of radio emission of near-Earth space at the frequencies much more high in comparison with the characteristic frequencies of ionospheric plasma are not yet well developed. Meanwhile, one of the contributors of this effect seems to be fast electrons from solar flares.


Solar Wind Solar Activity Solar Flare Sunspot Number Energetic Solar Particle 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leonty I. Miroshnichenko
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.IZMIRANTroitsk, Moscow RegionRussia
  2. 2.UNAMMexico

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