Coastal Effects and Damage Due to the 3rd June, 1994 Java Tsunami
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A tsunamigenic earthquake occurred on June 3, 1994 with a violent tsunami involving the south-eastern Java coasts (Indonesia). The results of the report of the field campaign undertaken by an international team (Italian, French and Indonesian) during June 22 to June 28, a few weeks after the tsunami occurrence, are described in this paper, integrating the data obtained by a concurrent survey carried out by Asian and USA researchers. During the survey the authors focused their attention on the most affected districts in Java and Bali islands, visiting many coastal villages in order to interview inhabitants, to analyze damage, and to measure tsunami heights and inundation. It was underlined that the earthquake occurred during the night and caused no damage, being felt only by a few people. About 30–40 minutes after the shock generally three waves attacked the coast with documented heights often exceeding 5 meters, causing the destruction of some villages and claiming more than 250 victims. In this paper the authors present the results of their investigations, describing in detail tsunami heights and inundation as well as destructive tsunami effects at coastal villages This paper complements a previous preliminary report on this disaster (Maramai and Tinti, 1996).
KeywordsTsunami Height Tsunami Effect Tsunamigenic Earthquake Coastal Effect Coastal Village
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