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# Jets and Plumes

Chapter

## Abstract

Jets and plumes are turbulent shear flows driven by sources of momentum and buoyancy respectively. These flows are examined in this chapter with emphasis on the strength of the sources and the nature of the receiving environments. Many mixing processes in nature are related to these flows. The development of a fundamental understanding of the processes associated with the jets and plumes in this chapter provides also the basis for the study of other environmental hydraulic problems considered in the subsequent chapters.

## Keywords

Momentum Flux Volume Flux Buoyancy Flux Spreading Coefficient Entrainment Velocity
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## References

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1996