• Robert Baker
  • Dorothy Porter
  • Roy Porter
Part of the Philosophy and Medicine book series (PHME, volume 45)


Attention to medical ethics has become an integral and essential aspect of modern medicine. No longer can physicians presume that the only judgments facing them are clinical: in many departments of practice, ethical dilemmas are multiplying as never before, and with terrifyingly complex ramifications: personal, legal, professional, administrative, political and from a practical viewpoint, not least financial. Nowadays it is no longer possible to initiate clinical trials and tests or to make therapeutic innovations without extensive attention to their ethical implications. On both sides of the Atlantic, though particularly in North America, such deliberations are often undertaken with considerable bureaucratic formality, and in an increasingly juridical, even legalistic, atmosphere [22]; [73]; [74]; [75]; [76]; [79].


Medical Ethic Eighteenth Century Perfect Code Hippocratic Oath Philosophical Principle 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Baker
    • 1
  • Dorothy Porter
    • 2
  • Roy Porter
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyUnion CollegeShenectadyUSA
  2. 2.Birkbeck CollegeUniversity of LondonUK
  3. 3.Wellcome Institute for the History of MedicineLondonUK

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