The structure of wood: an overview
Commercial timbers fall into two categories — softwoods and hardwoods. These terms date from the medieval timber trade and were originally meant to give an indication of the hardness of the wood. However, the use of these terms nowadays is rather confusing since the distinction between the two groups of timbers is botanical rather than based on the true hardness of wood.
KeywordsGrowth Ring Compression Wood Tension Wood Perforation Plate Vessel Element
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