Advertisement

The Dynamics of the Indoor Environment and Some Strategical Aspects of Indoor Measurements

  • Peder Wolkoff
Part of the Eurocourses: Chemical and Environmental Science book series (EUCE, volume 4)

Abstract

The indoor environment is characterized by a dynamic nature in particular from various emission sources contributing with volatile organic compounds. An under-standing and consideration of all potential indoor pollution sources, their emission characteristics, and the interrelationship of various indoor air quality parameters are prerequisite for the design and development of a sampling strategy. This includes parameters like the time of sampling, sampling duration and frequency, and selection of the sampling location. The field measurements of various studies show the importance of considering time as well as on a long-term as on a short-term basis.

Keywords

Volatile Organic Compound Indoor Environment Sampling Duration Sick Building Syndrome Total Volatile Organic Compound 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ayer, H. E. and Yeager, D. W. (1982) ’Irritants in Cigarette Smoke Plumes’, American Journal of Public Health, 72, 1283–1285.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Berglund, B., Johansson, I. and Lindvall, T. (1982) ’A longitudinal study of air contaminants in a newly built preschool’, Atmospheric Environment 8, 111–115.Google Scholar
  3. Berglund, B., Johansson, I., Lindvall, T. and Lundin, L.(1990) ’A longitudinal study of airborne chemical compounds in a sick library building’, in D.S. Walkinshaw(ed.), Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference of Indoor Air Quality and Climate, Toronto, vol. 2, pp 677–682.Google Scholar
  4. Gammage, R.B. and Matthews, T.G. (1988) ’Volatile Organic Compounds in Indoor Air: Types, Sources, and Characteristics’, Environmental Progress 7, 279–283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. CEC, European Concerted Action. (1989) ’Report No. 6 Strategy for Sampling Chemical Substances in Indoor Air’, European Concerted Action Indoor air Quality & Its Impact on Man. Commision of the European Communities, Brussels-Luxembourg.Google Scholar
  6. Hodgson, M.J., Frohliger, J., Permar, E., Tidwell, C., Traven, N.D., Olenchock, S.A. and Karpf M. (1991) , ’Symptoms and Microenvironmental Measures in Nonproblem Buildings’, Journal of Occupational Medicine 33, 527–533.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Keith, L.H. 1990. ’Environmental sampling: A Summary’. Environmental Science Technology 24, 610–617.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Lebret, E., Van de Wiel, H.J., Bos, H.P., Noij, D. and Boleij, J.S.M. (1986) ’Volatile Organic Compounds in Dutch Homes’, Environment International 12, 323–332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Levin, H. (1989) ’Building Materials and Indoor Air Quality’, Occupational Medicine: State of the Art Reviews 4, 667–693.Google Scholar
  10. Mage, D. and Gammage, R.B. (1985) ’Evaluation of Changes in Indoor Air Quality Occuring Over the Past Several Decades’, in R.B. Gammage and S.V. Kaye(eds.), Indoor Air and Human Health, Lewis Publishers, Chapter 2.Google Scholar
  11. McClenny, W.A., Oliver, K.D. and Pleil, J.D. (1989) ’A Field Stategy for Sorting Volatile Organics into Source-Related Groups’, Environmental Science Technology 23, 1373–1379.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. McKone, T.E. (1987) ’Human Exposure to Volatile Organic Compounds in Household Tap Water: The Indoor Inhalation Pathway’, Environmental Science Technology 21, 1194–1201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Nielsen, P.A. (1988) ’The importance of building materials and building construction to the sick building syndrome’, in B. Berglund and T. Lindvall(eds.), Healthy Buildings, Stockholm, vol 3 pp. 391–399.Google Scholar
  14. Noma, E., Berglund, B., Berglund, U., Johansson, I., Baird, J.C. (1988) ’Joint Representation of Physical Locations and Volatile Organic Compounds in Indoor Air from a Healthy and a Sick Building’, Atmospheric Environment 22, 451–460.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Pleil, J.D., McClenny, W.A., Oliver, K.D.(1989) ’Temporal Variability Measurement of Specific Volatile Organic Compounds’, International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry 37, 263–276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Reponen, T., Raunemaa, T., Savolainen, T. and Kalliokoski, P.(1991) ’The effect of material ageing and season on formaldehyde levels in different ventilation systems’, Environment International 17, 349–355.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Rodes, C., Kamens, R. and Wiener, R.W. (1991) ’The Significance and Characteristics of the Personal Activity Cloud on Exposure Assessment Measurements for Indoor Contaminants’. Indoor Air 1, 123–145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Seifert, B. (1987) ’Meßtechnik im Umweltschutz’, VDI-Verlag, Düsseldorf, February, M61-M65.Google Scholar
  19. Seifert, B. and Ullrich, D. (1987) ’Methodologies for Evaluating Sources of Volatile Organic Chemicals (VOC) in Homes’, Atmospheric Environment 21, 395–404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Seifert, B., Ullrich, D., Mailahn, W. and Nagel, R. (1986) ’Flüchtige organische Verbindungen in der Innenraumluft’, Bundesgesundhbl December, 417–424.Google Scholar
  21. Seifert, B., Mailahn, W., Schultz, C. and Ullrich, D. (1989) ’Seasonal Variation of Concentrations of Volatile Organic Compounds in Selected German Homes’, Environment International 15, 397–408.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Skov, P., Valbjørn, O., Pedersen, B.V. and DISG. (1990) ’Influence of indoor air quality on the sick building syndrome in an offiice environment’, Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health 16, 363–371.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Skov, P., Valbjorn, O. and DISG. (1987) ’The sick building syndrome in the office environment: The Danish town hall study’, Environment International 13, 339–349.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Thorsen, M.A. and Molhave, L. (1987) ’Elements of a standard protocol for measurements in the indoor atmospheric environment’, Atmospheric Environment 21, 1411–1416.Google Scholar
  25. Verhoeff, A.P., Wilders, M.M.W., Monster, A.C. and Van Vijnen, J.H. (1987) ’Organic solvents in the indoor air of two all factories and surrounding houses’, International Archives of Occupational Environmental Health 59, 153–163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Verhoeff, A.P., Suk, J. and Van Wijnen, J.H. (1988) ’Residenial indoor air contamination by screen printing plants’, International Archives of Occupational Environmental Health 60, 201–209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Wallace, L.A., Pellizzari, E.D., Leaderer, B., Zelon, H. and Sheldon, L. (1987) ’ Emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds from Building Materials and Consumer Products’, Atmospheric Environment 21, 385–393.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Wallace, L.A., Pellizzari, E.D., Hartwell, T.D., Davis, V., Michael, LC. and Whitmore, R.W. (1989) ’The Influence of Personal Activities on Exposure to Volatile Organic Compounds’ Environmental Research 50, 37–55.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Wallace, L.A., Nelson, C.J. and Dunteman, G.(1991) ’Workplace Characteristics Associated with Health and Comfort Concerns in Three Office Buildings in Washington, DC’, IAQ 91 Healthy Buildings pp. 56–60.Google Scholar
  30. Weschler, C.J., Shields, H.C. and Rainer, D. (1990) ’Concentrations of Volatile Organic Compounds at a Building with Health and Comfort Complaints’, American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal 51, 261–268.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Wolkoff P.(1990) ’ S ome Guides for Measurements of Volatile Organic Compounds Indoors’, Environmental Technology 11, 339–344.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Wolkoff, P., Clausen, P.A., Nielsen, P.A. and Molhave L. (1991) ’The Danish Apartment Study. Part I: Formaldehyde and Long-Term Measurements of VOC’, Indoor Air 1.Google Scholar
  33. Wolkoff, P., Johnsen, C.R., Franck, C, Wilhardt, P., and Albrechtsen, O.(1992) ’A Study of Human Reactions to Office Machines in a Climatic Chamber’, submitted.Google Scholar
  34. Working Group 9. (1991–1992) ’ S trategies for VOC measurements in Indoor Air’, European Concerted Action — Indoor Air Quality & Its Impact on Man. Community COST 613 Concertation Committee.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peder Wolkoff
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute of Occupational HealthCopenhagen ØDenmark

Personalised recommendations