Advertisement

Abstract

‘Environmental Hypersensitivity Syndrome’ and Sick Building Syndrome are not syndromes. The label may deter seeking treatable diagnoses in those with multiple symptoms that believe exposures in their environment make them ill. In those suffering from IAQ problems, the label SBS may deter diagnosis of the building. Chemical hyperresponsiveness, to irritants and solvents, appears to occur at low dose levels, after a significant event exposure (substance identified), followed by generalized responses to other low level irritant exposures with symptoms decreasing overtime.

Keywords

Food Allergy Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Panic Disorder Panic Attack Safety Data Sheet 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anti-Poika, M(1986) ‘Symptoms and signs in solvent exposed populations,’ in V. Riihimaki and U. Ulfvarson (eds.), Safety and Health Aspects of Organic Solvents Alan R. Liss Publishers New York pp. 255–264Google Scholar
  2. Arlien-Soborg, P. and Bruhn, P. and Glydensted, C. and Melgaard, B. (1979) ‘Chronic Painter’s Syndrome’, Acta Neurol. Scandinav. 60, pp. 149–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Arlien-Soborg, P. and Henrikson, L. and Gade, A. and Gyldested, C. and Paulson, OB. (1982) ‘Cerebral blood flow in chronic toxic encephalopathy in house painters exposed to organic solvents’. Acta Neurological Scandinavica 66, pp. 34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Baelum J, (1991) Human Solvent Exposure, Pharm and Toxicol 68 Supp 1Google Scholar
  5. Baker, E.L. and Smith, T.J. and Landrigan, P.J. (1985) ‘The neurotoxicity of industrial solvents: a review of the literature’, AM J of Industrial Medicine 8, pp. 207–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Baker and Bus and Cranmer et al (1985) ‘Workshop of Neurobehavioural Effects of Solvents: Consensus Summary’, Neurotoxicology 6, pp. 99Google Scholar
  7. Barsky, A. J. (1988) ‘Special Article: The Paradox of Health’, The New England JOM, Vol. 318, No. 7, pp. 414–418, February 18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Black, D.W. and Rathe, A. and Goldstein, R.B. (1991) ‘Environmental Illness: A Controlled Study of 26 Subjects with 20th Century Disease’, JAMA, Vol. 261, No. 24, pp. 3166–3170 December 26,Google Scholar
  9. Hayes, J.K. Chairman with Robert L. Brown, William Wood Jr., John G. Gatien, Carl Abbot, Rosemary Marchant, Don Wylie (1991) (CAEEH) ‘Adverse Effects of the Environment on Health Committee, Province of Nova Scotia, Canada Summary Report on the Referrals to the Adverse Effects of the Environment on Health Committee’. Unpublished DraftGoogle Scholar
  10. Cowley, D.S. and Roy-Byrne, P.P. (1987) ‘Hyperventilation and Panic Disorder’, The Amer JOM, Vol. 83, pp. 929–987. NovemberGoogle Scholar
  11. Hayes, J.K. Chairman with Robert L. Brown, William Wood Jr., John G. Gatien, Carl Abbot, Rosemary Marchant, Don Wylie (1991) (CAEEH) ‘Adverse Effects of the Environment on Health Committee, Province of Nova Scotia, Canada Summary Report on the Referrals to the Adverse Effects of the Environment on Health Committee’. Unpublished DraftGoogle Scholar
  12. Danielson, K. J. (1988) ‘Unconventional Cancer Remedies’, CMAJ, Vol. 138, pp. 1005–1011. JunePubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Gamlin, L. ‘Another Man’s Poison’. (1989) New Scientist pp. 48–53, JulyGoogle Scholar
  14. Hane, M. and Axelson, D. and Blume, J. and Hogstedt, C. and Sundell, L. and Ydreborg, B. (1977) ‘Psychological Function Changes Among House Painters’, Scan J Work Environ Health 3, pp. 91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Harris, I. (1987) Inside America, Vintage Books, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  16. Hewer, W. (1983) ‘The Relationship Between the Alternative Practitioner and His Patient: A Review Psychother Psychosom’, 40, pp. 72–180Google Scholar
  17. Juntunen, J. and Hernber, S. and Eistola, P. and Hupli, V. (1980) ‘Exposure to Industrial Solvents and Brain Atrophy. A retrospective study of pneumoencephalographic findings among 37 patients with exposure to industrial solvents’, European Neurology 19, pp. 366PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kahn, E. and Letz, G. (1989) ‘Clinical Ecology: Environmental Medicine or Unsubstantiated Theory?’, Annals of Internal Medicine, Vol. 111, No. 2, pp. 104–106PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Kleijnen, J. and Knipschild, P. and ter Riet, G. (1991) ‘Clinical Trials of Homeopathy’. BMJ 302, pp. 316–323PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kroenke, I.T. (1991) ‘Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Is It Real?’ Post Graduate Medicine. Vol 89, No. 2, pp. 44–55Google Scholar
  21. Kruesi, M.J. and Dale, J. and Straus, S.E. (1989) ‘Psychiatric diagnoses in patients who have chronic fatigue syndrome’, J Clin Psychiatry 50(2), pp. 53–56 [erratum, J Clin Psychiatry 1989, 50(4), 148]PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Langley, G.R. (1987) ‘Report on the Environmental Hypersensitivity Advisory Committee to the Minister of Health, Province of Nova ScotiaGoogle Scholar
  23. Lindstrom, K. (1980) ‘Changes in psychological performances of solvent poisoned and solvent exposed workers’, AM J of Industrial Med 1, pp. 69–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Linz, D.H. and De Garmo, P.L. and Morton, W.E. and Weins, A.N. and Coul, B.M. and Maricle, R.A. (1986) ‘Organic solvent-induced encephalopathy in industrial painters’, J of Occ Med 128(2)Google Scholar
  25. Marchant, R.E. and Yoshida, K. and Walkinshaw, D. and Ross, J.B. and Gallant, C. and Shires, D. (1990) ‘Skin irritation and dyspnea in kitchen workers: sodium hydroxide proceedings of the fifth international conference on indoor air quality and climate’, Toronto, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  26. Marchant, R.E. and Figley, D.A. and Saunders, G.A. and King, D. and Hayes, D. (1991) ‘Fatigue and short term memory loss in a hospital’, In preparationGoogle Scholar
  27. Middleton, E. and Reed, C.E. and Ellis, E. F. and Adkinson, F. and Yunginger, J.W. (1988) Allergy Principles and Practice, CV Mosbe Company, St. Louis, Washington, D.C., TorontoGoogle Scholar
  28. Pearson, D. J. (1985) ‘Food allergy, hypersensitivity and intolerance’, J of Royal College of Physicians of London, Vol. 19 No. 3, pp. 154–162Google Scholar
  29. Position Paper (1983–1984) ‘A new medical specialty designed to identify and treat environmental illness’, Soc Clin Eco.Google Scholar
  30. Position Statements (1986) ‘American Academy of Allergy and Immunology: Clinical Ecology’, J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. Vol. 78, No. 2, pp. 269–271.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Position Paper (1989) ‘Clinical Ecology American College of Physicians Annals of Internal Medicine’, 111(2), pp. 168–178Google Scholar
  32. Randolph, T.G. and Rollins, J.P. (1950) ‘Alergic reactions from the ingestion of intravenous injections of cane sugar (sucrose)’, J Lab Clin Med 36, pp. 242–248PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Randolph, T.G. (1952) ‘Sensitivity to petroleum including its derivatives and antecedents, abstracted’, J lab Clin Med 40, pp. 931–932Google Scholar
  34. Reich, P. (1989) Letter, ‘Panic attacks and the risk of suicide’. The New England JO M, Vol. 321 No. 18, pp. 1260–1261CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Rozee, K. (eds.) (1989) ‘Proceedings of a Workshop: Chronic Fatigue Syndrome’, Diseases Weekly Report. Health and Welfare Canada. January 1991, Vol 17S1EGoogle Scholar
  36. Stewart, D.E. and Raskin, J. (1985) ‘Psychiatric Assessment of Patients with “20th-Century Disease”’, Total Allergy Syndrome, Can Med Assoc. J. 133 pp. 1001–1006Google Scholar
  37. Stollery, B.T. and Flindt, M. (1988) ‘Memory sequelae of solvent intoxication’, Scand J Work Environ Health 14, pp. 45–48PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Straus, S. E. and Dale, J. K. and Tobi, M. and Lawley, T. and Preble, O. and Blaese, M. and Hallahan, C. and Henle, W. (1988) ‘Acyclovir treatment of the chronic fatigue syndrome’, The New England JOM Vol. 319 No. 26, pp. 1692–1698CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Terr, A.I. (1986) ‘Environmental Illness. A clinical review of 50 cases’, Arch Intern Med Vol. 146, pp. 145–149PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Terr, A.I. (1989) ‘Position Paper: Clinical ecology. Annals of Internal Medicine’, Vol. 111, No. 2, pp. 168–178Google Scholar
  41. Thomson, G.M. (1985) ‘Report on the ad hoc committee on environmental hypersensitivity disorders’, Ministry of Health, OntarioGoogle Scholar
  42. Torgerson, S. (1983) ‘Genetic factors in anxiety disorders’, Arch Gen Psychiatry 40, pp. 1085–1089CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Weissman, M.M. and Klerman, G.L. and Markowitz, J.S. and Ouelette, R. (1989) ‘Suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in panic disorders and attacks’, New Eng J of Med 321, pp. 1209–1214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Wolfe, F. (1986) ‘The clinical syndrome of fibrositis’, Am J Med 81, pp. 7–14PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Marchant
    • 1
  1. 1.Kluwer Academic PublishersDordrechtThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations