Advertisement

Surgical complications of renal transplantation

  • R. A. Donaldson
Chapter
Part of the Developments in Nephrology book series (DINE, volume 32)

Abstract

Surgical complications following renal transplantation may be defined as those which require operative intervention for alleviation. Non specific surgical complications such as wound sepsis, peptic ulceration and gastro-intestinal haemorrhage to which the immunosuppressed recipient may be more susceptible than normal are not described in this chapter. The surgical complications are usually technical in origin. Since the early days of renal transplantation their incidence has fallen dramatically. This is in part due to better technique and a fuller understanding of the anatomy, both normal and anomalous, of the kidney and excretory tract. The introduction of synthetic suture materials for vascular anastomoses has reduced the incidence of complications. The vast worldwide experience of renal transplantation shared at conferences and through publications has been most helpful in managing surgical complications. The number of surgical complications has been dwindling and as a result they may now seem to be more complicated, but with the help of a shared experience, a remarkable number of innovative techniques have been used to salvage allografts which would otherwise have been lost. Nevertheless, life threatening and graft threatening situations still arise and an awareness of these situations is still essential. Apart from haemorrhage and wound sepsis, the surgical complications of renal transplantation usually come to light during the investigation of early anuria or graft failure. A combined medical and surgical approach to the investigation of anuria and early and late renal failure, using minimally invasive techniques is essential.

Keywords

Renal Artery Renal Pelvis Internal Iliac Artery Femoral Nerve Ureteric Obstruction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Further reading

  1. Donaldson, R. A., Jacobson, J. E., Pontin, A. R. Ureteric obstruction in renal allograft recipients. South African Med. J. 1977; 52: 1077–1082.Google Scholar
  2. Donaldson, R. A., Jacobson, J. E., Pontin, A. R. Fluid collections associated with renal allografts. South African Med. J. 1978; 53: 51–53.Google Scholar
  3. Henning, P. H., Bewick, M., Reidy, J. F. et al. Increased incidence of renal transplant arterial stenosis in children. Nephrol. Dial. Transplant. 1989; 4: 575–580.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Mehta, S. N. Kennedy, J. A., Loughridge, W. G. G. et al. Urological complications in 119 consecutive renal transplants. Brit. J. Urol. 1979; 51: 184–187.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. A. Donaldson

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations