Subject Obviation, Switch Reference, and Control

  • Ken Hale
Part of the Studies in Linguistics and Philosophy book series (SLAP, volume 48)


The following sentences, from Hopi (Uto-Aztecan, American Southwest) and the Misumalpan languages Miskitu and Ulwa (Atlantic Coast, Nicaragua), illustrate structures in which an argument of a matrix clause can be said to “control” the subject of a complement clause


Relative Clause Main Clause Matrix Clause Functional Head Binding Theory 
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  1. 1.
    I wish to thank the following colleagues, speakers of languages with subject obviation (switch-reference) systems: Laverne Masayesva Jeanne, Albert Alvarez, Alejandro Avilez, Abanel Lacayo Blanco, Leonzo Knight Julian, and Ofelia Zepeda.Google Scholar


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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

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  • Ken Hale

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