The Social Context of Science

  • Leszek Nowak
Part of the Synthese Library book series (SYLI, volume 139)


Let us try to summarize the cognitive process taking place within a scientific community. According to the traditional Marxist formulae, the cognitive process occurs in two stages: (1) ‘from empirical reality to the abstract’, (2) ‘from the abstract to (understood) empirical reality. The first stage consists in idealization, while the other in concretization : this is the main idea of methodological parts of this book. Now let us consider what has been added to this idea in the last chapter due to accounting for the cognitive role of a scientific comunity.


Ideal Type Secondary Factor Historical Materialism Empirical Reality Essential Structure 
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  1. 1.
    I owe this remark to J. KmitaGoogle Scholar

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1980

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  • Leszek Nowak

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